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Astrocytes are responsible for clearance of extracellular glutamate, primarily through glial-specific glutamate transporter-1 and the Na(+)-dependent glutamate/aspartate transporter (GLAST). After traumatic injury to the CNS, such as spinal cord injury, persistent release of ATP from damaged neurons and activated glial cells occurs, inducing detrimental(More)
The mechanisms underlying dengue hemorrhagic disease are incompletely understood. We previously showed that anti-dengue virus (DV) nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) Abs cross-react with human platelets and inhibit platelet aggregation. Based on sequence homology alignment, the cross-reactive epitopes reside in the C-terminal region of DV NS1. In this study, we(More)
The aim of this study is to understand if human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) have synergistic protective effect that promotes functional recovery in rats with severe spinal cord injury (SCI). To evaluate the effect of delayed combinatorial therapy of PACAP and hMSCs on spinal cord(More)
This study examined the hypothesis that different inorganic carbon (IC) conditions enrich different ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) populations by operating two laboratory-scale continuous-flow bioreactors fed with 15 and 100 mg IC/L, respectively. During this study, both bioreactors maintained satisfactory(More)
BACKGROUND The use of a video-assisted laryngoscope (VL) has been shown to reduce the time to achieve intubation with a double-lumen endobronchial tube (DLT). As the blade of the VL is curved differently to a standard laryngoscope, the DLT must be angled into a hockey stick shape to fit properly. We conducted a study to establish which direction of(More)
Over the last decade, advances in Internet technology brought about the proliferation of Internet-based multimedia applications, particularly known as Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) services. In the large-scale, heterogeneous, multi-vendor, and increasingly complex and multi-functional IPTV networks, the quality assured provisioning is one of the key(More)
Astrocytic glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) is responsible for 90% of forebrain glutamate uptake in the adult CNS. Retinoic acid (RA) is a potent regulator of neural cell differentiation and neuronal maturation in the developing CNS through activation of RA receptors/retinoic X receptors (RXRs) or non-genomic mechanisms. Although rat GLT-1 contains several(More)
As the content-rich services which demand tremendous bandwidth proliferate, service providers must adapt to the trend quickly so as to meet not only the current demands but also the future needs of their customers. The hybrid fiber-copper deployment facilitates and complements Fiber-to-the-Home (FTTH) strategy in which optical fiber is gradually brought(More)