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Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a cytoprotective enzyme activated by various phytochemicals and we examined the ability of Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major constituent of green tea, to upregulate HO-1 expression in endothelial cells (ECs). We demonstrate that EGCG induces HO-1 expression in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore,(More)
Resveratrol, a polyphenolic phytoaxelin present in red wine, has been suggested to protect against atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease because of its antioxidant effects. Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), induced by cytokines, has been hypothesized to play a role in the early events during atherosclerosis. In this study we tested the effects(More)
Recombinant HIV-1 Tat (Tat 1-86) has been purified from the cytoplasmic fraction of Escherichia coli without the use of protein denaturants or chaotropic agents. Chloroquine-mediated uptake of the purified protein into cells resulted in transactivation of the HIV LTR promoter. Tat retains 1.64 mol of Zn2+/mol of protein by atomic absorption spectroscopy.(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) trans-activator Tat is an attractive target for the development of antiviral drugs because inhibition of Tat would arrest the virus at an early stage. The drug Ro 5-3335 [7-chloro-5-(2-pyrryl)-3H-1,4-benzodiazepine-2(H)-one], inhibited gene expression by HIV-1 at the level of transcriptional trans-activation by(More)
Tat, the transcriptional transactivator protein of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), is required for viral replication in vitro. The Tat antagonist, Ro 5-3335, and its analog, Ro 24-7429, have been shown to inhibit replication of HIV-1 and to reduce steady-state viral RNA in infected cells (M.-C. Hsu et al., Science 254:1799-1802, 1991, and(More)
The F protein of paramyxoviruses is actively involved in the induction of membrane fusion. This fusion may be between viral and cellular membranes, as in the initiation of infection or in virus-induced lysis of erythrocytes, or between the plasma membranes of different cells. The F protein is activated by proteolytic cleavage to yield two disulfide-linked(More)
The transactivator of transcription, Tat, of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is required for viral replication. Inhibition of Tat function could have the potential to keep integrated provirus in dormancy. In the presence of Tat, Ro 24-7429, an analog of Ro 5-3335, inhibited expression of indicator genes controlled by the HIV-1 long terminal(More)
The characteristics of fusion of the membrane of Sendai virus with that of liposomes has been investigated using two different methods to monitor the fusion reaction. The first method, which permits quantitation of lipid fused with virus, depends on separation by centrifugation of unfused liposomes from those fused with virus. The second involves the(More)
Trypsin cleaves the fusion protein (F) of wild-type Sendai virus into two disulfide-linked polypeptides, F1 and F2, and thereby activates the membrane fusion activity of the virus. A. Scheid and P.W. Choppin [1976). Virology, 265-277) selected mutant viruses of which the F protein could be activated by different proteases, either elastase, chymotrypsin, or(More)