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This paper focuses on the development of renewable sources of isletreplacement tissue for the treatment of type I diabetes mellitus. Placental tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising source for regenerative medicine due to their plasticity and easy availability. They have the potential to differentiate into insulin-producing cells.(More)
In spite of previous reports, the role of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) on cardiomyocyte differentiation, especially in the present autologous serum (AS) in culture medium, is still unclear. So, the purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) to proliferate and differentiate towards(More)
OBJECTIVES In diabetes mellitus type 1, beta cells are mostly destroyed; while in diabetes mellitus type 2, beta cells are reduced by 40% to 60%. We hope that soon, stem cells can be used in diabetes therapy via pancreatic beta cell replacement. Induced pluripotent stem cells are a kind of stem cell taken from an adult somatic cell by "stimulating" certain(More)
OBJECTIVE(S) Leptin is a hormone secreted by adipose tissue and is involved not only in the regulation of feeding and energy expenditure, but also its role in memory enhancement has been demonstrated as well. The partial transfer of leptin across the blood-brain barrier in obese individuals causes leptin resistance and prevents leptin reaching brain. On the(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess a wide range of immunomodulatory functions mostly in immune cells including dendritic cells (DCs). DCs are the key cells in the immune response and play an important role in initiating cell-mediated immunity. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of MSCs supernatant on maturation and function(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells with immunomodulatory effect on immune cells including dendritic cells (DCs). DCs are the most potent antigen-presenting cells (APC). MSCs have been found to modulate both differentiation and function of DCs. DCs express a broad range of Toll-like receptors (TLR), which play a critical role in(More)
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