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Most conventional motion planning algorithms that are based on the model of the environment cannot perform well when dealing with the navigation problem for real-world mobile robots where the environment is unknown and can change dynamically. In this paper, a layered goal-oriented motion planning strategy using fuzzy logic is developed for a mobile robot(More)
In master-slave teleoperation applications that deal with a delicate and sensitive environment, it is important to provide haptic feedback of slave/environment interactions to the user's hand as it improves task performance and teleoperation transparency (fidelity), which is the extent of telepresence of the remote environment available to the user through(More)
Conventional endoscopic surgery has some drawbacks that can be addressed by using robots. The robotic systems used for surgery are still in their infancy. A major deficiency is the lack of haptic feedback to the surgeon. In this paper, the benefits of haptic feedback in robot-assisted surgery are discussed. A novel robotic end-effector is then described(More)
— In this paper, based on a passivity framework, admittance-type and hybrid-type delay-compensated communication channel models are introduced, which warrant different bilateral control architectures for wave-based teleoperation under time delay. We utilize wave transforms and signal filtering for passivating the delayed-communication channel and(More)
—Besides stability, a high degree of transparency is also an essential requirement in order to enable operators to safely and precisely perform bilateral teleoperation tasks. An existing approach based on the wave transformation technique can make a two-channel teleoperation system insensitive to time delays by making the time-delayed communication channel(More)
The paper is concerned with determining the feasibility of performing telesurgery over long communication links. It describes an experimental testbed for telesurgery that is currently available in our laboratory. The tesbed is capable of supporting both wired and satellite connections as well as simulated network environments. The feasibility of performing(More)
— We consider the attitude and gyro-bias estimation as well as the attitude stabilization problem of a rigid body in space using low-cost sensors. We assume that a biased measurement of the angular velocity of the rigid body is provided by a low-cost gyroscope, and the attitude measurements are obtained using low-cost (low-pass) sensors such as(More)
Haptic feedback has the potential to provide superior performance in computer-integrated surgery and training. This paper discusses the design of a user interface that is capable of providing force feedback in all the degrees of freedom (DOFs) available during endoscopic surgery. Using the Jacobian matrix of the haptic interface and its singular values,(More)
— Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is an alternative to open surgery where special instruments are inserted into the body cavity through tiny incisions in order to perform surgical procedures. In this paper, some design issues in a master-slave robotic system for use in MIS are discussed. First, we discuss the design of a user interface that can be used to(More)