Mehrdad Memarzadeh

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The aim of this study is to identify the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of pathogens involved in the process of surgical site infection, in surgical wards. Changes made in the pattern of antibiotic use will result in different microorganism susceptibility patterns, which needs correct determination for precise empiric antibiotic therapy. One thousand(More)
Nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) is a common birth defect which is strongly associated with genetic factors. Previous studies in several populations showed a significant correlation between IRF6 rs642961 polymorphism and NSCL/P. The aim of this study is to indicate the correlation of IRF6 rs642961 polymorphism and NSCL/P in(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies have shown that in myelomeningocele, the primary malformation is neural tissue damage resulting from exposure of neural tissue to amniotic fluid. In this study, the effects of amniotic fluid on histopathologic changes of exposed spinal cord in fetal sheep were evaluated. METHODS In an experimental trial, 10 fetal sheep in(More)
Natural disasters are tragic incidents originating from atmospheric, geologic and hydrologic changes. In recent decades, millions of people have been killed by natural disasters, resulting in economic damages.Natural and complex disasters dramatically increase the mortality and morbidity due to communicable diseases. The major causes of communicable disease(More)
Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS) is caused by a submicroscopic deletion on the long arm of chromosome 22 and affects approximately 1 in 4000 persons, making it the second most prevalent genetic syndrome after Down syndrome and the most common genetic syndrome associated with cleft palate. Most of the 22q11.2 deletion cases are new occurrences or sporadic;(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is based on the absence of ganglion cells. In hemotoxilin and eosin (H and E) as well as acetylcholine esterase staining there are limitations in the diagnosis of immature ganglion cells in neonates. METHODS In this prospective study, 54 biopsies taken from suspected HD patients (five mucosal(More)
INTRODUCTION Residents have an important role as teachers and need to know about teaching, teaching methods and skills. In developed countries, "resident-as-teacher" programs have been implemented progressively; but there is little information about this theme in developing countries such as Iran. This study aimed to determine effects of "teaching method"(More)
BACKGROUND Cryptorchidism is a common problem which is prevalent in 3% of male infants. This study aimed to determine the effect of both trans fixation and Dartos pouch fixation methods on the postoperative recurrence rate and testicular changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS In a clinical trial study, 70 children were randomly divided into two groups. In the(More)
Misalignments of low-copy repeats (LCRs) located in chromosome 22, particularly band 22q11.2, predispose to rearrangements. A variety of phenotypic features are associated with 22q11.2 microduplication syndrome which makes it challenging for the genetic counselors to recommend appropriate genetic assessment and counseling for the patients. In this study,(More)
Our proband is a 29-year-old man, who is affected with soft cleft palate and hypernasality. A study of about six generations of this family pedigree shows that cleft palate has repeatedly occurred in males, with probably a X-linked recessive pattern of inheritance. Interestingly, the sister of the proband is affected with hypernasality and she has an(More)