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BACKGROUND Attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), one of the most common psychiatric disorders of childhood, has an early onset, affecting 2-18% of children worldwide. The etiopathogenesis of ADHD is obscure. In recent studies, a low level of vitamin D has been found in association with many disorders as well as in neuropsychiatric diseases. The(More)
AIM To compare the effectiveness of landmark-guided local injections and ultrasonography (USG) guided injections for shoulder pain. METHODS A total 60 consecutive patients with shoulder pain due to soft tissue disorders was enrolled, and randomly assigned to receive triamcinolone (40 mg) either by landmark-guided (LMG, n=30) or USG guided (n=30)(More)
BACKGROUND Although the pathophysiology of fibromyalgia is unknown, central monoaminergic transmission may play a role. Antidepressants have proved to be successful in alleviating symptoms of fibromyalgia. Medications that act on multiple neurotransmitters may be more effective in symptom management. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of venlafaxine, a(More)
BACKGROUND Decreased plasma levels of omentin, a relatively novel adipokine, are shown to be associated with metabolic abnormalities and proinflammatory states. Although other adipokines such as leptin and adiponectin have been extensively investigated in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), no studies have evaluated omentin levels in major(More)
UNLABELLED Hepcidin is a regulator of iron balance that is increased in obesity. It reduces the absorption of iron, reduces the transfer of iron from macrophages to the plasma and/or prevents mobilisation of stored iron. Obese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) demonstrate adipokine and cytokine release promoting inflammatory response.(More)
BACKGROUND Heart rate (HR) reduction is associated with improved outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) and biomarkers can be a valuable diagnostic tool in HF management. The primary aim of our study was to evaluate the short-term (6 months) effect of ivabradine on N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), CA-125, and cystatin-C values in(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Therefore, evaluation and prevention of cardiovascular diseases in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are very important. The plasma level of omentin was found to be associated with different conditions such as insulin resistance. It is one of(More)
The aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate oxidative status of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients receiving anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) or non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID). Forty-seven patients with AS and 27 healthy controls were enrolled. Of these, 23 were on anti-TNF (group 1) and 24 on NSAIDs (group 2). Groups 1 and 2 were(More)
There are some reports that classical neuroleptics may lead to osteoporosis or reduced bone mineral density (BMD). However, there is no adequate information about the effects of atypical neuroleptics on BMD. The aim of this study was to measure BMD in schizophrenic patients taking classical and atypical neuroleptics, compared to healthy controls.(More)
PURPOSE Ureteral reimplantation via pneumovesicum is a new aspect of vesicoureteral reflux management. We aimed to determine the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation on the upper urinary tract in an experimental model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty New Zealand rabbits were allocated into five groups of six rabbits each. Right ureters were(More)