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Abstract Introduction. Tethered spinal cord is defined as a condition in which the conus medullaris ends at a level below the L1–2 intervertebral space. The spinal cord is considered to be tethered when there is a thick filum terminale or low-lying conus medullaris. It has also been reported that a normal level of the conus medullaris and normal thickness(More)
In this paper, two cases with mature teratoma of the lateral ventricle are presented. Teratomas are rare intracranial tumours and the most common location is in the midline pineal region. Lateral ventricle as the site of location is very rare. Between the years 1975 and 1996, 120 cases were operated on for lateral ventricle tumours at the University of(More)
We retrospectively reviewed 77 patients with a tethered spinal cord syndrome to evaluate the results of neurosurgical treatment. The patients were divided into two groups: in group 1 there were 17 patients with primary tethered cord who had normal level conus medullaris (NLCM) and normal thickness filum terminale (NTFT) with urinary incontinence, and group(More)
BACKGROUND Tethered cord syndrome is classically defined as having the tip of the conus medullaris below the body of L2, instead of at the normal L1-2 disc space level. The syndrome presents most commonly with urinary incontinence. In a patient with urinary incontinence and a low-lying conus medullaris, tethered cord syndrome can be diagnosed without(More)
Split cord malformations (SCMs) are rare congenital anomalies of the vertebrae and the spinal cord. Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is a clinical condition of various origins that arises from tension on the spinal cord. Radiographic findings may include and/or associate split cord malformations and the other neural tube defects. However, the spinal cord can(More)
A case of 19 years old female patient with 24 large primary cerebral hydatid cysts, in different localisations is presented. Cysts were removed unruptured by five separate operations in 6 months. The patient was observed to be in good health 1 year after the last operation. This case is the first case presented that contains such high number of cysts to our(More)
A case of meningioma without dural attachment within the fourth ventricle associated with Sturge-Weber disease is reported. Review of the literature revealed that meningiomas arising from the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle and lying totally within the fourth ventricle are very rare. Coexistence of Sturge-Weber disease with meningioma of the fourth(More)
We present a case of umbilical perforation of the distal end of ventriculoperitoneal shunt as a rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunts including an umbilical abscess and an infection related with ventriculoperitoneal shunt. The ventriculoperitoneal catheter was removed, the umbilical abscess was drained and appropriate medication was employed for(More)
AIMS To compare the levels of conus medullaris in preterm and term neonates; to show the time of ascent to normal; and to evaluate the babies with low conus medullaris levels for tethered cord syndrome. METHODS Levels were assessed using ultrasonography in 41 preterm and 64 term neonates. RESULTS In the preterm group the conus medullaris level in one(More)
The paralysis associated with lumbosacral meningomyelocele has been attributed both to myelodysplasia and to degeneration of the exposed neural tissue. Surgically created dysraphism shows that exposure of an intact spinal cord in a genetically normal animal results in degeneration of the normal nervous tissue and subsequent paralysis. Our objective was to(More)