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BACKGROUND Many factors contribute to the development of BPD basically by increasing inflammation in preterm lungs. However, premature neonates have insufficient anti-inflammatory capacity. We aimed to evaluate the effect of etanercept, an anti-TNF agent, on BPD development in newborn rat model with hyperoxia-induced lung injury. METHODS Thirty-two(More)
OBJECTIVES Secondary amyloidosis is the most important complication of FMF and endothelial function is more severely impaired. Elevated asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA) may mediate the excess cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk of this group. We aimed to compare endothelial function characteristics, including ADMA, in patients with FMF-related amyloidosis(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the frequency of ophthalmologic problems and the risk factors that affect the occurrence of these problems in premature newborns with a gestational age of 32 weeks or less. METHODS Premature newborns observed at a neonatal intensive care unit between January 2002 and March 2006 were included. A control visit including an(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of the present study were to measure the activity of chitotriosidase (ChT) in human milk, to record changes in enzyme activity over time and to determine whether there are differences in activity between the milk of mothers of full-term (FT) and premature (PT) infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS Three samples were collected from each of(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to provide normative data about pituitary diameters in a pediatric population. Pituitary imaging is important for the evaluation of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis defect. However, data about normal pituitary gland diameters and stalk are limited, especially in children. Structure and the measurements of pituitary gland and(More)
Although the relationship between hyperbilirubinemia and genetic factors has long been questioned, the role of genetic factors in the development of severe hyperbilirubinemia and kernicterus has been investigated in detail in the last decade with the rapid progression in molecular medicine. Although the first historical data gathered about genetical(More)
Our objective was to determine the incidence of early neonatal problems and the neurodevelopmental status and probable risk factors associated with neurodevelopmental abnormality in preterm infants of < or = 32 weeks of gestation. Preterm newborns of < or = 32 weeks of gestation followed at the neonatal intensive care unit of the Department of Pediatrics of(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains an important complication of preterm births. The soluble form of ST2 (sST2), interleukin-33 (IL-33), and soluble form of the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) have attracted increasing attention as biomarkers for different diseases. The aim of the current study was to assess the predictive(More)
Doxorubicin (DXR) extravasation result with serious morbidity like skin ulceration and necrosis. The purpose of this study is to determine the protective effects of ozone, olive oil, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and coenzyme Q10 in the treatment of DXR-induced skin ulcers on rats. After an intradermal injection of DXR on a basis of an animal extravasation(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of Upar, IL-33, and ST2 in comparison with C-reactive protein, TNF-α, and Interleukin-6 in childhood sepsis. METHODS A total of 128 children were included and 20 of them were the control group. We used only data showing a high probability of sepsis with blood culture positive children,(More)