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The phenotypic changes of increased motility and invasiveness of cancer cells are reminiscent of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) that occurs during embryonic development. Snail, a zinc-finger transcription factor, triggers this process by repressing E-cadherin expression; however, the mechanisms that regulate Snail remain elusive. Here we find(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exists in the nucleus of highly proliferative cells where it functions as a transcription factor. Although EGFR has transactivational activity, it lacks a DNA binding domain and, therefore, may require a DNA binding transcription cofactor for its transcriptional function. Here, we report that EGFR physically interacts(More)
Dynorphin peptides act preferentially at kappa- as well as mu- and delta-opioid receptors. This study was conducted to determine whether dynorphin peptides act to lower dopaminergic tone in the tuberoinfundibular system, resulting in elevated serum prolactin levels and, if so, whether such an effect is mediated by the opioid receptors. Dose-related(More)
Among other actions, opioid antagonists modulate the control endogenous opioids exert on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Naloxone, nalmefene, and naltrexone are the opioid antagonists approved for use in man and are primarily mu-opioid selective. Naltrexone and nalmefene have been demonstrated to be useful in the treatment of alcoholism.(More)
Amino acids, especially branched-chain amino acids such as l-leucine, have been shown to regulate activation of p70 S6 kinase and phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 through the mTOR signaling pathway. In our recent study, l-arginine was also shown to activate the mTOR signaling pathway in rat intestinal epithelial cells. l-Glutamine is an amino acid that is required(More)
Amino acids, especially branched-chain amino acids such as l-Leucine, have been revealed to regulate activation of p70 S6 kinase and phosphorylation of 4E-BP1 through mTOR signaling pathway. In this study, we showed that a cationic amino acid, l-Arginine, also activated this signaling pathway in a rapamycin-sensitive manner in rat intestinal epithelial(More)
OBJECTIVE We applied mutation screening in seven cochlear implant users to identify those persons with GJB2-related deafness to determine whether etiology of deafness was predictive of speech performance after implantation. METHODS Direct sequence of GJB2 was conducted over seven cochlear implant users with prelingual hearing impairment and their speech,(More)
We previously showed two members of the ING family, ING1 and ING3 as a tumor suppressor gene in head and neck cancer. Progress in human genome sequencing provided additional information of the new members of the ING family genes. ING4 is localized to chromosome 12p13.31 region and harbors the PHD domain highly homologous among ING family proteins. We(More)
When administered orally, naltrexone undergoes extensive biotransformation and is metabolized to 6 beta-naltrexol and other minor metabolites. Naltrexone has been recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of alcohol dependence. An important clinical issue with naltrexone treatment is predicting patient compliance, which may be(More)
C-kit is a trans-membrane receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) encoded by the proto-oncogene KIT located at 4q11-12. Gain-of-function mutations arising to c-kit activation independent of its ligand were observed in various tumors related to germ cells, mast cells, and interstitial cells of Cajal. C-kit also participates in melanocyte development; hence, its(More)