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The presence of expansins was investigated in various developmental and ripening stages of cherry fruits by SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting. An expansin gene and three fragments (242, 607 and 929 bp) of its promoter region were cloned. The genomic clone of the expansin gene contained three introns, two exons spanning a 1.6 and a 1.0 kb upstream region.(More)
In this study, we aimed to test the hypothesis that 1-ml plain solution of 0.5% bupivacaine or 0.5% levopubivacaine administered in a subarachnoid block can provide adequate anaesthesia and operating conditions for pilonidal cyst/sinus operations performed in the prone position. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the demographic and clinicopathologic characteristics of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with and without laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) to determine the risk factors for the occurrence of LPR in patients with GERD. This is a retrospective study of GERD patients with and without LPR. From the outpatient computer(More)
The essential role of 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) in plant tissue culture has been widely known; however, physiological and biochemical mechanisms behind BA requirement have not been fully understood yet. BA may have an important role on callus growth by regulating antioxidant enzyme activities and acting as an effective free radical scavenger. To test this(More)
Aflatoxins (AFs) are hepatogenic, teratogenic, imunosuppressive, and carcinogenic fungal metabolites found in feeds, nuts, wine-grapes, spices, and other grain crops. Humans are exposed to AFs via consumption of mycotoxin-contaminated foods. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of AF contamination in powdered red peppers sold in Sanliurfa. A total(More)
In this paper, we consider the privatization of State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) that are legal monopolies but not natural monopolies; their markets can be opened to competition once privatization takes place and other competitors can emerge and compete successfully against them in a few years. But until that happens, these privatized SOEs can have a(More)
There is an increasing interest to bio-components obtained from fruit & vegetable wastes. Anthocyanin is one of the components regained from fruits especially from red ones. Sour cherry is considered as industrial fruit since most of the grown fruit is processed into juice and hence considerable amount of pomace is removed from process. The influences of(More)
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