The development of the human cerebral cortex is an orchestrated process involving the generation of neural progenitors in the periventricular germinal zones, cell proliferation characterized by symmetric and asymmetric mitoses, followed by migration of post-mitotic neurons to their final destinations in six highly ordered, functionally specialized layers.… (More)
We report genomic analysis of 300 meningiomas, the most common primary brain tumors, leading to the discovery of mutations in TRAF7, a proapoptotic E3 ubiquitin ligase, in nearly one-fourth of all meningiomas. Mutations in TRAF7 commonly occurred with a recurrent mutation (K409Q) in KLF4, a transcription factor known for its role in inducing pluripotency,… (More)
We investigated three families whose offspring had extreme microcephaly at birth and profound mental retardation. Brain scans and postmortem data showed that affected individuals had brains less than 10% of expected size (≤10 standard deviation) and that in addition to a massive reduction in neuron production they displayed partially deficient cortical… (More)
PURPOSE We tested the hypothesis that transfecting penile tissue with brain derived neurotrophic factor may facilitate neural recovery and erectile capability after cavernous nerve injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS Of the 34 Sprague-Dawley rats used 10 underwent sham operation and 24 underwent bilateral cavernous nerve freezing and intracavernous injection of… (More)
BACKGROUND Knobloch syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive, developmental disorder characterized by stereotyped ocular abnormalities with or without occipital skull deformities (encephalocele, bone defects, and cutis aplasia). Although there is clear heterogeneity in clinical presentation, central nervous system malformations, aside from the characteristic… (More)
Individual exome analysis in diagnosis and management of paediatric liver failure of indeterminate aetiology. Mendelian Genomics: a new large-scale initiative to identify the genes underlying rare Mendelian conditions.