Mehmet Bülbül

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Centrally released oxytocin (OXT) has anxiolytic and anti-stress effects. Delayed gastric emptying (GE) induced by acute restraint stress (ARS) for 90 min is completely restored following 5 consecutive days of chronic homotypic restraint stress (CHS), via up-regulating hypothalamic OXT expression in rats. However, the mechanism behind the restoration of(More)
Orexins are involved in the regulation of sleeping behavior and energy homeostasis, and they are also implicated in the regulation of gastrointestinal functions. Previous reports have demonstrated the expression of orexin receptors in the gastrointestinal system. The aim of this study was to investigate the gastroprotective effect of orexin-A in(More)
OBJECTIVE Presentation of the diagnostic and surgical treatment methods of our extrauterine intrauterine device (IUD) cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively evaluated the data of 21 extrauterine IUD cases at our clinic between 2008 and 2010. The symptoms, diagnostic methods, and surgical treatments were evaluated. RESULTS A total of 14 copper(More)
Accumulation of continuous life stress (chronic stress) often causes gastric symptoms. Although central oxytocin has antistress effects, the role of central oxytocin in stress-induced gastric dysmotility remains unknown. Solid gastric emptying was measured in rats receiving acute restraint stress, 5 consecutive days of repeated restraint stress (chronic(More)
Orexin-A (OXA) and orexin receptor type 1 (OX1R) are found in enteric nervous system and smooth muscle cells in the digestive tract. Fasting is a stimulant for OXA synthesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate central and peripheral effects of endogenous OXA on gastric motility. Endogenous OXA synthesis was induced by 36h fasting. Vagotomy was(More)
Orexin receptor type-1 (OX1R) is expressed in the dorsal motor nucleus of vagi (DMV). Although orexin-A (OXA) plays an important role in mediating stress responses, it remains unclear how central OXA regulates gastric dysmotility induced by stress. Acute restraint stress (ARS) delays solid gastric emptying via the central corticotropin releasing factor(More)
Fatty acid composition, conjugated linoleic acid and cholesterol contents in the muscles of three freshwater fish species (Barbus plebejus escherichi, Capoeta capoeta capoeta and Rutilus rutilus) were determined under natural extreme temperate (July) and cold (January) conditions. The aim of the study was to determine whether there were differences in these(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to evaluate the demographic profile of supernumerary molar (SM) teeth in people in various regions of Turkey. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective analysis was carried out on an initial sample of 104,902 subjects drawn from the ortopantographics files from 10 clinics in 7 Turkish cities with documentation of demographic(More)
Exposure to early life stress causes increased stress responsiveness and permanent changes in the central nervous system. We recently showed that delayed gastric emptying (GE) and accelerated colonic transit (CT) in response to acute restraint stress (ARS) were completely restored following chronic homotypic stress (CHS) in rats via upregulation of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM L-Carnitine is an essential cofactor in the mitochondrial transfer of fatty acids, and it is also a scavenger of free radicals in mammalian tissues. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of L-carnitine on chronic restraint stress-induced gastric mucosal injury. METHODS Wistar rats were applied restraint stress (1 h/day) and(More)