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BACKGROUND The nation-wide epidemiological survey of psychiatric disorders in term of lifetime prevalence is not adequately known in Iran. The prevalence of lifetime psychiatric disorders was estimated among the population of aged 18 and over on gender, age group, educational level, occupational status, marital status, and residential area. METHODS The(More)
Background. There are very few studies that had a sample size sufficient to explore the association between factors related to low back pain in a representative sample of the Iranian population. Objective. To examine the relationship between sociodemographic factors, smoking, obesity, and low back pain in Iranian people. Methods. We used Iranian adults(More)
BACKGROUND Estimates of the annual prevalence for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) were consistent across the international sites range, 1.9%-2.5%. The nine population surveys, which used Diagnostic Interview Schedule, estimated a six-month prevalence of OCD ranging from 0.7% to 2.1%. This study performed in order to determine the prevalence of OCD in a(More)
Late-onset Alzheimer's Disease (LOAD) is a neurodegenerative disorder and the most common form of dementia affecting people over 65 years old. Alzheimer's disease is a complex disease with multi-factorial etiology. Inflammation has been approved to have an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). TNF-α is a main pro-inflammatory(More)
This study was aimed at assessing the impact of group psychoeducation therapy on family burden in caregivers of Iranian patients with schizophrenia during the acute phase of the disease. Using a randomized-controlled trial design, 71 caregivers of patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to either a 4-week group psychoeducational programme (n =(More)
OBJECTIVE(S) The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of cannabinoid on cortical spreading depression (CSD) in rat brain. Cannabis has been used for centuries for both symptomatic and prophylactic treatment of different types of headaches including migraine. CSD is believed to be a putative neuronal mechanism underlying migraine aura and(More)
OBJECTIVE(S) Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex disease with multifactorial etiology. Inflammation has been proven to have an important role in the pathogenesis of AD. Both CCR2 and CCR5 genes expression increase in AD patients comparing to control subjects. CCR5 gene encodes a protein which is a member of the beta chemokine receptors family of integral(More)
Spasticity is one of the common complications in upper motor neuron lesions and without appropriate treatment it causes disturbances in movement pattern. Assessments of patients are effective in patient's management. Modified Ashworth scale (MAS) is one of the criteria in qualitative assessment of spasticity, and there are lots of controversies about its(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM This article describes the development and testing of a new powered gait orthosis to potentially assist spinal cord injury patients to walk by producing synchronized hip and knee joint movements. TECHNIQUE The first evaluation of the orthosis was performed without users, and was followed by evaluation of the orthosis performance using(More)
BACKGROUND Unlike developed countries, data from the developing world regarding motor developmental disorders is scarce. OBJECTIVES In the present study, we used the Infant Neurological International Battery (Infanib) test to determine the prevalence of motor impairment in 4-18 month-old infants in Alborz province, Iran, in 2010. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)