Mehdi Labaied

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Malaria infection starts when sporozoites are transmitted to the mammalian host during a mosquito bite. Sporozoites enter the blood circulation, reach the liver, and infect hepatocytes. The formation of a parasitophorous vacuole (PV) establishes their intracellular niche. Recently, two members of the 6-Cys domain protein family, P52 and P36, were each shown(More)
Irradiation-attenuated sporozoite vaccinations confer sterile protection against malaria infection in animal models and humans. Persistent, nonreplicating parasite forms in the liver are presumably necessary for the maintenance of sterile immunity. A novel vaccine approach uses genetically attenuated parasites (GAPs) that undergo arrested development during(More)
Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease that is transmitted by inoculation of the Plasmodium parasite sporozoite stage. Sporozoites invade hepatocytes, transform into liver stages, and subsequent liver-stage development ultimately results in release of pathogenic merozoites. Liver stages of the parasite are a prime target for malaria vaccines because they can(More)
Our previous morphological studies illustrated the association of sterols with Plasmodium infecting hepatocytes. Because malaria parasites cannot synthesize sterols, they must scavenge these lipids from the host. In this paper, we have examined the source/s of sterols for intrahepatic Plasmodium and evaluated the importance of sterols for liver stage(More)
Malaria parasite sporozoites prepare for transmission to a mammalian host by upregulation of UIS (Upregulated in Infectious Sporozoites) genes. A number of UIS gene products are essential for the establishment of the intrahepatocytic niche. However, the factors that regulate the expression of genes involved in gain of infectivity for the liver are unknown.(More)
The malaria parasite sporozoite stage develops in the mosquito vector and is transmitted to the mammalian host by bite. Sporozoites engage in multiple interactions with vector and host tissue on the journey from their oocyst origin to their final destination inside hepatocytes. Several malaria proteins have been identified that mediate sporozoite(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is an important public health threat in sub-Saharan Africa. Current drugs are unsatisfactory, and new drugs are being sought. Few validated enzyme targets are available to support drug discovery efforts, so our goal was to obtain essentiality data on genes with proven utility as drug targets. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases(More)
The ribosomal small subunit locus has been used for transgene expression in the rodent malaria parasites, Plasmodium berghei and Plasmodium yoelii, but this strategy utilizes single crossover integration and is thus prone to reversion by plasmid excision. Targeting of the ribosomal subunit locus may also have a negative effect on oocyst development in the(More)
A short practical synthesis of a new natural product based scaffold (6), based on antitrypanosomal and antimalarial compounds isolated from different Plakortis species is described. The scaffold contains a peroxide unit that is surprisingly stable to chemical manipulation elsewhere in the molecule, enabling it to be elaborated into a small library of(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is a major health problem in sub-Saharan Africa caused by Trypanosoma brucei infection. Current HAT drugs are difficult to administer and not effective against all parasite species at different stages of the disease which indicates an unmet pharmaceutical need. TbRET2 is an indispensable enzyme for the parasite and is(More)