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A growing body of evidence illustrates that 5-HT3 receptor antagonist drugs may be of benefit in the treatment of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of tropisetron add-on to risperidone on negative symptoms in patients with chronic stable schizophrenia. In a double-blind,(More)
Several recent studies have focused on glutamate modulating agents for symptoms relief in schizophrenia, especially negative symptoms which are resistant to conventional therapies. We aimed to assess the efficacy and tolerability of riluzole, an anti-glutamate agent with neuroprotective properties, as an adjunct to risperidone in improving negative symptoms(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite the burden of negative symptoms on quality of life in schizophrenic patients, no completely effective treatment has been developed to address such symptoms yet. Abnormalities in oxidative stress pathways have been recently demonstrated to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, and a growing interest in antioxidant agents is(More)
To assess the safety and efficacy of pioglitazone added to risperidone in the treatment of irritability in autistic disorder (AD), we conducted this study. In a 10-week, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 44 outpatients of both genders aged 4-12 years with a diagnosis of AD and a score of ≥12 on the Aberrant(More)
The role of cholinergic abnormalities in autism was recently evidenced and there is a growing interest in cholinergic modulation, emerging for targeting autistic symptoms. Galantamine is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor and an allosteric potentiator of nicotinic receptors. This study aimed to evaluate the possible effects of galantamine as an augmentative(More)
BACKGROUND A hyperglutamatergic state has been shown to play a possible role in the pathophysiology of autistic disorders. Riluzole is a glutamate-modulating agent with neuroprotective properties, which has been shown to have positive effects in many neuropsychiatric disorders. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of(More)
Considering the role of neurohypophyseal peptides in normal development and function of higher cortical processes along with their proven abnormalities in schizophrenic patients, these pathways have recently attracted greater attention as treatment targets for schizophrenia. Desmopressin (DDAVP) is a synthetic analog of vasopressin. This study aimed to(More)
OBJECTIVES Limited pharmacological options are available for the management of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in severe stages. Cognitive-enhancing properties of saffron, the dried stigma of Crocus sativus L., have been evidenced in different studies. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of saffron extract versus memantine in reducing cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND The antidepressive effect of pioglitazone has been noted in patients with major depressive disorder in absence of metabolic syndrome. This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pioglitazone in patients with bipolar depression without concomitant metabolic syndrome or diabetes. METHOD Forty-eight outpatients with the(More)
OBJECTIVE A significant correlation exists between coronary artery diseases and depression. The aim of this trial was to compare the efficacy and safety of saffron versus fluoxetine in improving depressive symptoms of patients who were suffering from depression after performing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS In this randomized(More)