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BACKGROUND Classical cytogenetic methods and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) have been employed for the analysis of chromosomal abnormalities in human oocytes. However, these methods are limited by the need to spread the sample on a microscope slide, a process that risks artefactual chromosome loss. Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) is a(More)
OBJECTIVES Constitutional aneuploidy occurs in at least 5% of recognised pregnancies, with apparent preferential involvement of the X chromosome and the smaller autosomes. Molecular cytogenetic investigations of cleavage-stage embryos have revealed anomalies affecting all sizes of chromosomes. The aim was to investigate the variety of anomalies arising(More)
Studies of spermatogenesis in an XYY male, presenting at a subfertility clinic, confirm the tendency for the germ cells to lose the second Y chromosome but for some XYY cells to reach metaphase I (MI). Light microscope studies of MI revealed the presence of YY bivalents and EM studies of microspread, silver-stained pachytene stages showed 30% of the cells(More)
Single cell comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was employed to extensively investigate 24 unfertilized or in vitromatured meiosis II oocytes and their corresponding first polar bodies (PBs), to determine how and whether all 23 chromosomes participate in female meiosis I errors and to accurately estimate the aneuploidy rate in the examined cells.(More)
Testicular biopsies from eight men with abnormal karyotypes have been examined for histological and cytogenetic evidence of disturbances of meiosis. Quantitative analysis of this material showed one, with a 13;14 Robertsonian translocation, to have apparently normal spermatogenesis. Three patients, one with a 47,XYY and two with 45,XY, inv 9 karyotypes, had(More)
A cytogenetic survey of 756 resident, but otherwise unselected, mentally retarded patients in a Scottish hospital is reported. The karyotypes of all patients were examined using orcein-stained cells, and those found to be abnormal, other than those with standard trisomy 21, were further investigated using a banding technique. A total of 103 patients were(More)
We have examined unfertilised oocytes and their first polar bodies (PBs) to determine the way in which the frequency of whole chromosome imbalance compares with that involving single chromatids and whether the precocious separation of chromatids prior to anaphase I affects all pairs of chromosomes. We have applied the technique of fluorescent in situ(More)