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BACKGROUND The prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance among treatment-naïve patients ranges between 8.3% and 15% in Europe and North America. Previous studies showed that subtypes A and B were the most prevalent in the Greek HIV-1 epidemic. Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of resistance among drug naïve patients in Greece and to investigate the levels of(More)
The prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance mutations in naïve patients has been previously shown to differ greatly with the geographic origin. The purpose of this study was to prospectively estimate the prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance in Greece by analyzing a representative sample of newly HIV-1 diagnosed patients, as part of the SPREAD collaborative(More)
The widespread use of antiviral drugs against HIV has increased the prevalence of HIV-1 resistant strains among naïve individuals due to transmission of resistant strains. The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of HIV-1 strains harboring resistance mutations in naïve patients in Greece. Blood samples were collected from 25 individuals.(More)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected patients are at increased risk for cardiovascular diseases partly due to chronic inflammation. Some antiretroviral drugs and Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) regimens seem to be related and amplify this increased risk, especially the ones containing abacavir. Platelet-Activating-Factor (PAF) is a(More)
Corporate social responsibility is viewed both as an organizational function as well as a means to establishing stakeholder relations and reputations. This study aims to investigate the impact of social activities of an organization on its brand equity regarding perceived service quality framework. The statistical population consists of Iran's household(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The Procleix Ultrio human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)/hepatitis C virus (HCV)/hepatitis B virus (HBV) (Ultrio) assay simultaneously detects HIV-1 RNA, HCV RNA and HBV DNA in individual blood donations. The main objective of the study was to assess the analytical and clinical sensitivity of the multiplex and discriminatory(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long-term effects of different boosted protease inhibitors (bPIs) or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)-based antiretroviral regimens on lipid levels in HIV seropositive individuals who have not received lipid-lowering agents. METHODS Data consisted of 595 patients participating in the population-based(More)
  • V. D. Papakonstantinou Dr, Mehdi Chini, +9 authors παθολογικών καταστάσεων
  • 2015
HIV infection is characterized by immune activation and inflammation and HIV patients have a great risk to develop several morbidities such as cardiovascular disease. Eight naïve, male, asymptomatic HIV-infected patients that did not meet the criteria for antiretroviral therapy initiation were assigned to the study for 12 months and Platelet Activating(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have shown that baseline drug resistance patterns may influence the outcome of antiretroviral therapy. Therefore, guidelines recommend drug resistance testing to guide the choice of initial regimen. In addition to optimizing individual patient management, these baseline resistance data enable transmitted drug resistance (TDR) to(More)
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