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Self-assembled nano-fabrication processes yield regular and reconfigurable devices. However, defect densities in this emerging nanotechnology are higher than those in conventional lithography-based VLSI. In this paper, we present a defect-tolerant design flow to minimize customized post-fabrication design efforts to be performed per chip. We also present a(More)
Cosmic-ray induced soft errors in cache memories are becoming a major threat to the reliability of microprocessor-based systems. In this paper, we present a new method to accurately estimate the reliability of cache memories. We have measured the MTTF (MeanTime To Failure) of unprotected first-level (L1) caches for twenty programs taken from SPEC2000(More)
—Soft errors due to cosmic rays cause reliability problems during lifetime operation of digital systems, which increase exponentially with Moore's law. The first step in developing efficient soft error tolerant schemes is to analyze the effect of soft errors at the system level. In this work, we develop a systematic approach for soft error rate estimation.(More)
With shrinking feature sizes, transistor aging due to NBTI and HCI becomes a major reliability challenge for microprocessors. These processes lead to increased gate delays, more failures during runtime and eventually reduced operational lifetime. Currently, to ensure correct functionality for a certain operational lifetime, additional timing margins are(More)
The paper presents an overview of a major research project on dependable embedded systems that has started in Fall 2010 and is running for a projected duration of six years. Aim is a 'dependability co-design' that spans various levels of abstraction in the design process of embedded systems starting from gate level through operating system, applications(More)
Sequential elements, flip-flops, latches, and memory cells, are the most vulnerable components to soft errors. Since state-of-the-art designs contain millions of bistables, it is not feasible to protect all system bistables using hardening techniques that impose area, performance , and power overhead. A practical approach is to rank system bistables based(More)
A new technique for diagnosis of faults in the interconnects and logic blocks of an arbitrary design implemented on an FPGA is presented. This work is complementary to application-dependent detection methods for FPGAs. This technique can uniquely identify any single bridging, open, or stuck-at fault in the interconnect as well as any single functional fault(More)
There has been considerable research on quantum dot cellular automata (QCA) as a new computing scheme in the nano-scale regimes. The basic logic element of this technology is majority voter. In this paper, a detailed simulation-based characterization of QCA defects and study of their effects at logic-level are presented. Testing of these devices is(More)
Reliability concerns due to technology scaling have been a major focus of researchers and designers for several technology nodes. Therefore, many new techniques for enhancing and optimizing reliability have emerged particularly within the last five to ten years. This perspective paper introduces the most prominent reliability concerns from today's points of(More)