Mehdi Balooch

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A specially modified atomic-force microscope was used to measure the hardness of fully hydrated peritubular and intertubular dentine at two locations within unerupted human third molars: within 1 mm of the dentine enamel junction and within 1 mm of the pulp. The hardness of fully hydrated peritubular dentine was independent of location, and ranged from 2.23(More)
Dentin and bone derive their mechanical properties from a complex arrangement of collagen type-I fibrils reinforced with nanocrystalline apatite mineral in extra- and intrafibrillar compartments. While mechanical properties have been determined for the bulk of the mineralized tissue, information on the mechanics of the individual fibril is limited. Here,(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) combined with a nano-indentation technique was used to reveal the structure and to perform site-specific mechanical testing of the enamel of third molars. Nano-indentations (size<500 nm) were made in the cusp area to measure the mechanical properties of single enamel rods at different orientations. The influence of etching on(More)
This article summarizes the results of a three-dimensional study of changes in the morphology of the L6 rat vertebra at 120 days after ovariectomy (OVX), with estrogen replacement therapy used as a positive control. Synchrotron radiation microtomography was used to quantify the structural parameters defining trabecular bone architecture, while(More)
UNLABELLED This study compares changes in bone microstructure in 6-month-old male GC-treated and female ovariectomized mice to their respective controls. In addition to a reduction in trabecular bone volume, GC treatment reduced bone mineral and elastic modulus of bone adjacent to osteocytes that was not observed in control mice nor estrogen-deficient mice.(More)
The attachment between cementum and dentin has been given several definitions and nomenclature, including: interzonal layer, intermediate cementum, collagen hiatus, Hopewell-Smith's hyaline layer, and more commonly, cementum-dentin junction (CDJ). Understanding the attachment of two structurally dissimilar hard tissues such as cementum and dentin defined by(More)
This study determined changes in nanomechanical properties of dentin and enamel during storage in deionized water, calcium chloride buffered saline solution and Hank's balanced salts solution (HBSS). Atomic force microscopy based nanoindentation showed that storing teeth in deionized water or CaCl(2)-solution resulted in a large decrease in elastic modulus(More)
The dentinoenamel junction (DEJ) is a complex and poorly defined structure that unites the brittle overlying enamel with the dentin that forms the bulk of the tooth. In addition, this structure appears to confer excellent toughness and crack deflecting properties to the tooth, and has drawn considerable interest as a biomimetic model of a structure uniting(More)
OBJECTIVES Dentin is a vital, hydrated composite material with structural components and properties that vary with location. These variations are reviewed along with alterations by physiological and pathological changes that allow classification into various forms of dentin. Structural characteristics and mechanical properties are reviewed and the(More)
Using an atomic force microscope (AFM) with an attachment specifically designed for indentation, we measured the mechanical properties of demineralized human dentin under three conditions: in water, in air after desiccation, and in water after rehydration. The static elastic modulus (E(h)r = 134 kPa) and viscoelastic responses (tau(epsilon) = 5.1 s and(More)