Mehar S. Manku

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This study compared 48 hyperactive children with 49 age-and-sex-matched controls. Significantly more hyperactive children had auditory, visual, language, reading, and learning difficulties, and the birth weight of hyperactive children was significantly lower than that of controls (3,058 and 3,410 g, respectively; p less than 0.01). In addition,(More)
An increased inflammatory response and deficient synthesis of neurotrophic factors (NTFs) may contribute to the etiology of depression. However, the interrelationship between inflammation and NTFs is unknown. Recently, ethyl-eicosapentaenoate (EPA) has been used to treat depression. The mechanism by which EPA benefits depression is also unclear. Using the(More)
A detailed study was made of the fatty acid composition of plasma triglycerides, free fatty acids, phospholipids, red cell total phospholipids, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine in 32 normal males and 18 normal females. No sex differences could be detected. There were substantial differences in the compositions of the various fractions and(More)
The age-related decline in cognitive function has been associated with biochemical changes that can be attenuated following n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid treatment. Dietary supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been shown to reverse age-related changes in synaptic function. Here, lipidomic analyses were undertaken to examine changes in lipid(More)
For 30 years it has been known that linoleic acid can lower elevated cholesterol levels. Large increases in linoleic acid have been widely recommended as a way of reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Such recommendations have resulted in major dietary shifts in some countries, including the USA. Yet the precise characteristics of the linoleic acid(More)
Essential fatty acids are important constituents of the brain. There is evidence that levels in blood of certain essential fatty acids and their eicosanoid derivatives may be abnormal. We now report that in the frontal cortex of schizophrenic patients there are significant differences from normal in the fatty acid composition of phosphatidylethanolamine.(More)
Lipid peroxidation in human breast cancer (ZR-75-1) cells and cancer cell killing were confirmed by using ultraviolet (UV)-spectrophotometry and mass spectrometry (MS). ZR-75-1 cells and human normal fibroblast CCD-41-SK (41Sk) cells were cultured with gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) and ferrous iron Fe (II) combinations. Formation of lipid peroxide and(More)
Plasma phospholipid essential fatty acids and some of their main metabolites, prostaglandins, were measured among habitually violent and impulsive male offenders, who all had alcohol abuse problems, and nonviolent control persons. Linoleic acid (18:2n-6), the precursor of the n-6 fatty acids, was below normal in intermittent explosive disorder, but the(More)
Transport across the blood-brain barrier is a relevant factor in the pharmacological action of many drugs and endogenous substances whose action site is located in brain. An overactive P-gp has been suggested to be of relevance for the resistance of the HPA system to be suppressed by glucocorticoids, which is one of the best described biological(More)
BACKGROUND Preliminary evidence suggests beneficial effects of pure ethyl-eicosapentaenoate (ethyl-EPA) in Huntington disease (HD). METHODS A total of 135 patients with HD were randomized to enter a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on the efficacy of 2 g/d ethyl-EPA vs placebo. The Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) was(More)