Megumi Yoshida

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The classical view of neural plate development held that it arises from the ectoderm, after its separation from the mesodermal and endodermal lineages. However, recent cell-lineage-tracing experiments indicate that the caudal neural plate and paraxial mesoderm are generated from common bipotential axial stem cells originating from the caudal lateral(More)
Skeletal muscle depletion (sarcopenia) is closely associated with limited physical ability and high mortality. This study was performed to evaluate the prognostic significance of skeletal muscle depletion in patients with resectable stage I–III colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted a retrospective analysis of 220 consecutive patients with stage I–III CRC(More)
Genomic profiles of 66 strains of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) isolated in Japan were investigated with regard to restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and length variation of fragments containing reiterations. There were two predominant genotypes of F1 and F35, and the genomic characteristics of each were studied. The nucleotide change(More)
The stability of regions containing tandemly reiterated sequences in the S component of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) genome was determined, by comparing restriction fragments of the regions among sets of HSV-1 isolates derived from a single source. The 6 reiterations examined were grouped into three. Reiteration VII (within protein coding regions(More)
Proviral DNA was obtained from ex vivo peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 75 human T cell leukaemia/lymphoma virus type I (HTLV-I)-infected individuals who were either asymptomatic or had adult T cell leukaemia or tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-I-associated myelopathy. Amplified long terminal repeats (LTRs) were analysed for restriction fragment(More)
High expression of the B1 Sox genes, Sox2 and Sox3, is associated with the development of definitive neural primordia, the neural plates, in early stage embryos. However, in the caudal lateral epiblast (CLE) where axial stem cells reside, Sox2 and Sox3 are expressed at low levels, together with Brachyury. Because axial stem cells are the bipotential(More)
Analyses of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) isolated in Japan using restriction endonucleases recognizing 6-base pairs revealed the presence of two predominant genotypes of F1 and F35. Therefore, the possibility that the two predominant genotypes may differ in clinical manifestations had to be(More)
Cumulative evidence now indicates pivotal roles for the group B1 Sox genes, Sox1, Sox2 and Sox3 in the genesis and development of neural primordia. Shared functions for the Sox1, Sox2 and Sox3 protein products have also been indicated. This emphasizes the importance and integral role of the group B1 Sox genes in regulating the neural primordia. We here(More)
We analyzed the quantity and diversity of nitrite reductase genes (nirS and nirK) in rice paddy soil before and after inducing denitrification. A quantitative PCR analysis showed that the copy number of nirK, but not nirS, increased significantly in response to the denitrification-inducing conditions. Diverse nirS and nirK clones were identified by clone(More)
Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and Peanut stunt virus (PSV) each have genomes consisting of three single-stranded RNA molecules: RNA 1, 2 and 3. RNAs 1 and 2 encode the 1a and 2a proteins, respectively, which are necessary for replication of the viral genome. Although RNA 3 is exchangeable between CMV and PSV, exchange of RNA 1 and 2 between the two viruses(More)