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Antioxidant function of melatonin is well established. However, N(1)-acetyl-N(2)-formyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AFMK), a melatonin metabolite is a sparingly investigated biogenic amine, especially in relation to its in vivo antioxidant function. We have evaluated the oxidative damage to biomolecules (DNA, protein and lipid) induced by X-irradiation in C57BL(More)
Evaluation of potential health effects from high energy charged particle radiation exposure during long duration space travel is important for the future of manned missions. Cognitive health of an organism is considered to be maintained by the capacity of hippocampal precursors to proliferate and differentiate. Environmental stressors including irradiation(More)
Reactive oxygen species are implicated in neurodegeneration and cognitive disorders due to higher vulnerability of neuronal tissues. The cerebellum is recently reported to be involved in cognitive function. Therefore, present study aimed at investigating the role alpha-lipoic acid against radiation-induced oxidative stress and antioxidant status in(More)
Radiation is an important therapeutic tool in the treatment of cancer. The tremendous development in radiotherapeutic techniques and dosimetry has made it possible to augment the patient survival. Therefore, attention has focused on long-range treatment side effects especially in relation to the neurocognitive changes. As cognitive health of an organism is(More)
Exposure to high-energy particle radiation (HZE) may cause oxidative stress and cognitive impairment in the same manner that seen in aged mice. This phenomenon has raised the concerns about the safety of an extended manned mission into deep space where a significant portion of the radiation burden would come from HZE particle radiation. The present study(More)
Cerebellum is a vital organ responsible for the motor coordination and recently it has been reported to be involved in cognitive function. Reactive oxygen species are implicated in neurodegeneration and cognitive disorders because of higher vulnerability of neuronal tissues. Therefore, the present study aimed at investigating the role of melatonin against(More)
The effects of TMG [2-(alpha-d-glucopyranosyl) methyl-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-6-ol], a water-soluble vitamin E derivative, administered after irradiation on the mortality of X-irradiated mice and on the development of tumors in the mammary and pituitary glands in rats were investigated. When TMG (650 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) to(More)
Human alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP), a major carrier of many basic drugs in circulation, consists of at least two genetic variants, namely A and F1*S variant. Interestingly, the variants of AGP have different drug-binding properties. The purpose of this study was to identify the amino acid residues that are responsible for the selectivity of drug binding(More)
It is widely accepted that redox status, along with the partial pressure of oxygen (pO(2)), determines the efficacy of some therapeutic methods applied to treat tumors, including radiation. Redox status, evaluated by the reduction of a nitroxyl probe, was reportedly heterogeneous in a mouse tumor model. However, neither variation of heterogeneity of the(More)
Quantitative detection of free radical reactions induced by low linear-energy-transfer (LET) irradiation in an aqueous solution was attempted using nitroxyl radicals. The stability and reactivity of reaction mixtures containing a nitroxyl radical and a hydrogen donor, i.e., glutathione (GSH), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), or nicotinamide adenine(More)