Megumi Toyoshima

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Although germline cells can form multipotential embryonic stem (ES)/embryonic germ (EG) cells, these cells can be derived only from embryonic tissues, and such multipotent cells have not been available from neonatal gonads. Here we report the successful establishment of ES-like cells from neonatal mouse testis. These ES-like cells were phenotypically(More)
The early stage embryogenesis of higher eukaryotes lacks some of the damage response pathways such as G1/S checkpoint, G2/M checkpoint and apoptosis. We examined here the damage response of preimplantation stage embryos after fertilization with 6 Gy irradiated sperm. Sperm-irradiated embryos developed normally for the first 2.5 days, but started to exhibit(More)
Mice were exposed at various ages to 1 Gy or 2 Gy of X rays, and translocation frequencies in peripheral blood T cells, spleen cells, and bone marrow cells were determined with FISH painting of chromosomes 1 and 3 when the animals were 20 weeks old. It was found that the mean translocation frequencies were very low (< or =0.8%) in mice exposed in the fetal(More)
An unusual case of Waldenström's macroglobulinemia associated with amyloidosis and crescentic glomerulonephritis is described. At autopsy, crescent formation was present in 80% of the glomeruli, and the breaks in the glomerular basement membranes were found at the same place as the deposition of amyloid.
Within minutes of the induction of DNA double-strand breaks in somatic cells, histone H2AX becomes phosphorylated in the serine 139 residue at the damage site. The phosphorylated H2AX, designated as gamma-H2AX, is visible as nuclear foci in the irradiated cells which are thought to serve as a platform for the assembly of proteins involved in checkpoint(More)
Cell cycle checkpoints and apoptosis function as surveillance mechanisms in somatic tissues. However, some of these mechanisms are lacking or are restricted during the preimplantation stage. Previously, we reported the presence of a novel Trp53-dependent S-phase checkpoint that suppresses pronuclear DNA synthesis in mouse zygotes fertilized with(More)
Cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage is important for the maintenance of genomic integrity in higher eukaryotes. We have previously reported the novel p53-dependent S-phase checkpoint operating in mouse zygotes fertilized with irradiated sperm. In the present study, we analysed the detail of the p53 function required for this S-phase checkpoint in(More)
The therapeutic effect of a combination of paclitaxel (PTX) and platinum (PLT) in ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma (CC) patients with measurable disease has yet to be elucidated. In this study, we used retrospective review to evaluate the results of treatment with a combination of PTX and PLT in CC patients with measurable disease. A total of 28 patients(More)
Ionizing radiation activates a series of DNA damage response, cell cycle checkpoints to arrest cells at G1/S, S and G2/M, DNA repair, and apoptosis. The DNA damage response is thought to be the major determinant of cellular radiosensitivity and thought to operate in all higher eukaryotic cells. However, the radiosensitivity is known to differ considerably(More)
The S-phase DNA damage checkpoint is activated by DNA damage to delay DNA synthesis allowing time to resolve the replication block. We previously discovered the p53-dependent S-phase DNA damage checkpoint in mouse zygotes fertilized with irradiated sperm. Here, we report that the same p53 dependency holds in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) at low doses(More)