Megumi Shimodozono

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Corticobasal degeneration is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by a combination of parkinsonism and cortical dysfunction such as limb kinetic apraxia, alien limb phenomenon, and dementia. To study the effect of repetitive facilitation exercise (RFE) in a patient with corticobasal degeneration, we used a newly designed facilitation exercise(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether multiple sessions of 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) facilitates the effect of repetitive facilitation exercises on hemiplegic upper-limb function in chronic stroke patients. DESIGN Randomized double-blinded crossover study. PATIENTS Eighteen patients with hemiplegia of the upper limb. METHODS(More)
We aimed to determine the effects of angiotensin II receptor blocker on cerebral hemodynamics and rehabilitative outcome. Sixteen hypertensive patients with a history of stroke received 10-20 mg olmesartan daily for eight weeks. Blood pressure decreased after treatment compared with the baseline, whereas cerebral blood flow (CBF) values of the affected and(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects on the hemiplegic upper limb of repetitive facilitation exercises (RFEs) using a novel facilitation technique, in which the patient's intention to move the hemiplegic upper limb or finger was followed by realization of the movement using multiple sensory stimulations. METHODS Twenty-three stroke patients were enrolled in a(More)
BACKGROUND Repetitive facilitative exercise (RFE), a combination of high repetition rate and neurofacilitation, is a recently developed approach to the rehabilitation of stroke-related limb impairment. Preliminary investigations have been encouraging, but a randomized controlled evaluation has yet to be performed. OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy of RFE(More)
The use of a new device consisting of a small vibrator to deliver functional vibratory stimulation (FVS) to the arm resulted in improvements of flexion of the hemiparetic shoulder in a man with thalamic bleeding. FVS delivered to the palm enabled the patient to repeat flexing his hemiparetic shoulder to manipulate objects with his hand. The functions of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the direct application of vibratory stimuli inhibits spasticity and improves motor function in the hemiplegic upper limbs of post-stroke patients. DESIGN Prospective pilot study. SETTING University hospital rehabilitation centre. SUBJECTS Fourteen post-stroke patients (mean age = 57.3 years; SD = 19.1 years). (More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of neck-muscle vibration for 5 min before occupational therapy (OT) on unilateral spatial neglect (USN). METHOD In this multiple-baseline design study for 6 weeks (A(1)-B-A(2) design: A(1), A(2); conventional OT without neck-muscle vibration, B; neck-muscle vibration before OT together with conventional OT), we examined 11(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate salivary secretion in unilateral cerebral stroke patients, including the effects of masticatory forces. We compared the volumes of unstimulated and acid-stimulated saliva between 30 patients with unilateral cerebral stroke and 30 age-matched healthy subjects. The volume of whole-mouth salivary secretion was(More)
To investigate the effects of interference tasks in the early stages of motor learning, we used a computerized motor skill analyzer (CMSA) for the lower limb that evaluates the accuracy and speed of movements in tracking tasks. Forty-five healthy subjects were randomly divided into three groups: a control group without an interference task, a mirror image(More)