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Corticobasal degeneration is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by a combination of parkinsonism and cortical dysfunction such as limb kinetic apraxia, alien limb phenomenon, and dementia. To study the effect of repetitive facilitation exercise (RFE) in a patient with corticobasal degeneration, we used a newly designed facilitation exercise(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether multiple sessions of 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) facilitates the effect of repetitive facilitation exercises on hemiplegic upper-limb function in chronic stroke patients. DESIGN Randomized double-blinded crossover study. PATIENTS Eighteen patients with hemiplegia of the upper limb. METHODS(More)
We aimed to determine the effects of angiotensin II receptor blocker on cerebral hemodynamics and rehabilitative outcome. Sixteen hypertensive patients with a history of stroke received 10-20 mg olmesartan daily for eight weeks. Blood pressure decreased after treatment compared with the baseline, whereas cerebral blood flow (CBF) values of the affected and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of the intensive repetition of movements elicited by the facilitation technique to improve voluntary movement of a hemiplegic lower limb in patients with brain damage. DESIGN A multiple-baseline design (A-B-A-B: A without specific therapy, B with specific therapy) across individuals. PATIENTS The sample comprised 22(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects on the hemiplegic upper limb of repetitive facilitation exercises (RFEs) using a novel facilitation technique, in which the patient's intention to move the hemiplegic upper limb or finger was followed by realization of the movement using multiple sensory stimulations. METHODS Twenty-three stroke patients were enrolled in a(More)
The use of a new device consisting of a small vibrator to deliver functional vibratory stimulation (FVS) to the arm resulted in improvements of flexion of the hemiparetic shoulder in a man with thalamic bleeding. FVS delivered to the palm enabled the patient to repeat flexing his hemiparetic shoulder to manipulate objects with his hand. The functions of the(More)
A 66-year-old woman with a right hemiplegia due to cerebral haemorrhage was found to have heterotopic grey matter in the left frontal and right frontal and parietal lobes. She had no neurological disturbance prior to the haemorrhage. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured by xenon-CT (Xe-CT) in the zones of heterotopic grey matter during voluntary(More)
Single-neuron activity in the premotor cortex of monkeys was examined while they performed a visually guided reaching task with their eyes fixated. We recorded a total of 177 visually responsive neurons that showed significantly enhanced activity after a presentation of visuospatial cue ('visual response'). Of these neurons, 57% (n = 101) also showed(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of neck-muscle vibration for 5 min before occupational therapy (OT) on unilateral spatial neglect (USN). METHOD In this multiple-baseline design study for 6 weeks (A(1)-B-A(2) design: A(1), A(2); conventional OT without neck-muscle vibration, B; neck-muscle vibration before OT together with conventional OT), we examined 11(More)
To investigate the effects of interference tasks in the early stages of motor learning, we used a computerized motor skill analyzer (CMSA) for the lower limb that evaluates the accuracy and speed of movements in tracking tasks. Forty-five healthy subjects were randomly divided into three groups: a control group without an interference task, a mirror image(More)