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Defects in DNA repair have been extensively linked to neurodegenerative diseases, but the exact mechanisms remain poorly understood. We found that FUS, an RNA/DNA-binding protein that has been linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration, is important for the DNA damage response (DDR). The function of FUS in DDR(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Few studies are available that have addressed the prevalence of early-onset dementia (EOD), including early-onset Alzheimer disease and other forms of dementia in Japan. METHODS A 2-step postal survey was sent to all of the 2475 institutions providing medical or care services for individuals with dementia in Japan's Ibaraki(More)
BACKGROUND The results of previous reports estimating the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have varied widely according to the criteria used to define MCI. METHODS We assessed the cognitive function of Japanese community-dwelling individuals >or=65 years old and attempted to estimate the prevalence of four MCI subtypes (amnestic single,(More)
Mutations in the gap junction protein gamma-2 gene, GJC2, cause a central hypomyelinating disorder; Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease (PMLD; MIM311601). Using a homozygosity mapping and positional candidate gene approach, we identified a homozygous mutation (c.-167A>G) within the GJC2 promoter at a potent SOX10 binding site in a patient with mild PMLD.(More)
Immunocytochemical techniques were employed to examine the changes in immunolabeling of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)B receptor within the entorhinal cortex and inferior temporal isocortex of the schizophrenic brain. In the entorhinal cortex of the control subjects, an intense immunoreactivity was observed in the soma and processes of stellate cells in(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the dissemination of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL)-encoding genes among multidrug-resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates recovered from major hospitals in the Hiroshima region. METHODS During July to December from 2004 to 2006, a surveillance of eight major hospitals in the Hiroshima region(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of DSM-III-R major depressive episodes (MDEs), depressive symptoms cases (DSCs) (defined as a score of ≥6 on the Geriatric Depression Scale but falling short of MDE), and coexisting mild cognitive impairment (MCI) among Japanese community-dwelling older people. METHODS Prevalence was estimated(More)
We identified a novel pathogenicity island in Staphylococcus aureus which contains open reading frames (ORFs) similar to the exfoliative toxin (ET) gene, glutamyl endopeptidase gene, and edin-B gene in tandem and the phage resistance gene, flanked by hsdM, hsdS (restriction and modification system), and IS256. The protein encoded by the ET-like gene showed(More)
We examined the combined effect of plasma lipids/hypertension and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype on cognitive function in elderly individuals. Plasma concentrations of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), APOE, and history of hypertension were evaluated in 622 community-dwelling(More)