Learn More
In this study, we identified a gene encoding tomato ENGase (Endo-LE) using the gene information of rice ENGase, and expressed the Endo-LE protein in Escherichia coli. The substrate specificity of the recombinant Endo-LE was the same as that of the native enzyme, showing strong activity towards the high-mannose type N-glycans with the(More)
Free oligosaccharides (FOSs) in the cytosol of eukaryotic cells are mainly generated during endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation (ERAD) of misfolded glycoproteins. We analyzed FOS of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to elucidate its detailed degradation pathway. The major FOSs were high mannose-type ones bearing 3-9 Man residues. About 94%(More)
Although it has been found that plant endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase shows strong activity towards denatured glycoproteins and glycopeptides with high-mannose type N-glycans and free high-mannose type N-glycans bearing the chitobiosyl unit, the endogenous substrates for plant endoglycosidase have not yet been identified. Recently we purified and(More)
In our previous paper (Kimura, Y., et al., Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 67, 1852-1856, 2003), we found that a complex type N-glycans containing beta1-3 galactose residue occurs on royal jelly glycoproteins. During structural analysis of minor components of royal jelly N-glycans, we found complex type N-glycans bearing both galactose and(More)
Endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase (ENGase) is involved in the production of high-mannose type free N-glycans during plant development and fruit maturation. In a previous study (K. Nakamura et al. Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 73, 461-464 (2009)), we identified the tomato ENGase gene and found that gene expression remained relatively constant. In the present(More)
Free N-glycans (FNGs) are present at micromolar concentrations in plant cells during their differentiation, growth, and maturation stages. It has been postulated that these FNGs are signaling molecules involved in plant development or fruit ripening. However, the hypothetical biochemical and molecular function of FNGs has not been yet established. The(More)
The Japanese cedar pollen allergen (Cry j1) and the mountain cedar pollen allergen (Jun a1) are glycosylated with plant complex type N-glycans bearing Lewis a epitope(s) (Galβ1-3[Fucα1-4]GlcNAc-). The biological significance of Lewis a type plant N-glycans and their effects on the human immune system remain to be elucidated. Since a substantial amount of(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a lipid mediator that displays important immunomodulatory properties, such as polarization of cytokine production by T cells. Recent investigations have revealed that the effect of PGE2 on cytokine production is greatly influenced by external stimuli; however, it is unclear whether PGE2 plays a significant role in major(More)
Silica particles and asbestos fibers, which are known as typical causatives of pneumoconiosis, induce lung fibrosis. Moreover, silicosis patients often complicate with autoimmune diseases, and asbestos-exposed patients suffer from malignant diseases such as pleural mesothelioma and lung cancer. We have been conducting experimental studies to investigate(More)
Silicosis patients (SILs) and patients who have been exposed to asbestos develop not only respiratory diseases but also certain immunological disorders. In particular, SIL sometimes complicates autoimmune diseases such as systemic scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis (known as Caplan syndrome), and systemic lupus erythematoses. In addition, malignant(More)