Megumi Maeda

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Silicosis patients (SILs) and patients who have been exposed to asbestos develop not only respiratory diseases but also certain immunological disorders. In particular, SIL sometimes complicates autoimmune diseases such as systemic scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis (known as Caplan syndrome), and systemic lupus erythematoses. In addition, malignant(More)
Asbestos causes lung fibrosis known as asbestosis as well as cancers such as malignant mesothelioma and lung cancer. Asbestos is a mineral silicate containing iron, magnesium, and calcium with a core of SiO(2). The immunological effect of silica, SiO(2), involves the dysregulation of autoimmunity because of the complications of autoimmune diseases found in(More)
PGD(2) is the major prostanoid produced during the acute phase of allergic reactions. Two PGD(2) receptors have been isolated, DP and CRTH2 (chemoattractant receptor-homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells), but whether they participate in the pathophysiology of allergic diseases remains unclear. We investigated the role of CRTH2 in the initiation of(More)
The effects of Ca2+, Sr2+, and Ba2+ on spontaneous and evoked glycinergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (mIPSCs and eIPSCs) were studied using the "synaptic bouton" preparation of rat spinal neurons and conventional whole cell recording under voltage-clamp conditions. In response to application of Ca2+-free solution, the frequency of mIPSC initially(More)
Molecular biology approaches have identified more than 70 different K+ channel genes that assemble to form diverse functional classes of K+ channels. Although functional K+ channels are present within presynaptic nerve endings, direct studies of their precise identity and function have been generally limited to large, specialized presynaptic terminals such(More)
It is known that asbestos exposure can cause malignant mesothelioma (MM) and that CD8(+) T cells play a critical role in antitumor immunity. We examined the properties of peripheral blood CD8(+) lymphocytes from asbestos-exposed patients with pleural plaque (PL) and MM. The percentage of CD3(+)CD8(+) cells in PBMCs did not differ among the three groups,(More)
Free N-glycans (FNGs) are present at micromolar concentrations in plant cells during their differentiation, growth, and maturation stages. It has been postulated that these FNGs are signaling molecules involved in plant development or fruit ripening. However, the hypothetical biochemical and molecular function of FNGs has not been yet established. The(More)
Asbestos-related cancers such as malignant mesothelioma and lung cancer are an important issue in the world. There are many conflicts concerning economical considerations and medical evidence for these cancers and much confusion regarding details of the pathological mechanisms of asbestos-induced cancers. For example, there is uncertainty concerning the(More)
Malignant mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos, which is known to have carcinogenic effects. However, the development of mesothelioma takes a long period and results from a low or intermediate dose of exposure. These findings have motivated us to investigate the immunological effects of asbestos exposure and analyze immune functions of patients(More)
Investigation of house conditions that promote health revealed that negatively charged-particle dominant indoor air-conditions (NCPDIAC) induced immune stimulation. Negatively charged air-conditions were established using a fine charcoal powder on walls and ceilings and utilizing forced negatively charged particles (approximate diameter: 20 nm) dominant in(More)