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Segment identity in both invertebrates and vertebrates is conferred by spatially restricted distribution of homeotic gene products. In Drosophila, the expression of Homeobox genes during embryogenesis is initially induced by segmentation gene products and then maintained by Polycomb group and Trithorax group gene products. Polycomb group gene homologs are(More)
mel-18 is a mammalian Polycomb group gene encoding a transcriptional repressor with tumor suppressive activity. Overexpression of mel-18 in mice results in cell cycle arrest of B cells upon B cell receptor stimulation with downregulation of c-myc. This phenotype is rescued in mel-18/c-myc double-transgenic mice, suggesting that c-myc locates downstream of(More)
It has recently been reported that there exists a new 'RING-finger' protein family among the zinc-finger (Zf) proteins. Previously, we had isolated the mouse Mel-18 cDNA (mMel-18) encoding the nuclear RING-finger protein that exhibits an ability to bind to a nonspecific DNA column. Here, we have isolated and characterized the human Mel-18 cDNA (hMel-18)(More)
A lymphocyte subpopulation, the Valpha14 natural killer T (NKT) cells, expresses both NK1.1 and a single invariant T cell receptor encoded by the Valpha14 and Jalpha281 gene segments. Mice with a deletion of the Jalpha281 gene segment were found to exclusively lack this subpopulation. The Valpha14 NKT cell-deficient mice could no longer mediate the(More)
1. The aim of this study was to determine whether endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization and relaxation are altered during experimental diabetes mellitus. Membrane potentials were recorded in mesenteric arteries from rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes and age-matched controls. The resting membrane potentials were not significantly different between(More)
The presence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with an increased incidence of arrhythmias. Our previous study on hypertrophied rat hearts has demonstrated that regression of LVH prevents ischemia-induced lethal arrhythmias. To elucidate the underlying mechanism of the reduced incidence of arrhythmias in regression of LVH, we examined(More)
Polycomb group genes were identified as a conserved group of genes whose products are required in multimeric complexes to maintain spatially restricted expression of Hox cluster genes. Unlike in Drosophila, in mammals Polycomb group (PcG) genes are represented as highly related gene pairs, indicative of duplication during metazoan evolution. Mel18 and Bmi1(More)
Many salmonids have become at risk of extinction. For teleosts whose eggs cannot be cryopreserved, developing techniques other than egg cryopreservation to save genetic resources is imperative. In this study, spermatogonia from rainbow trout were intraperitoneally transplanted into newly hatched sterile triploid masu salmon. Transplanted trout spermatogonia(More)
The mammalian mel-18/bmi-1 gene products share an amino acid sequence and a secondary structure, including a RING-finger motif, with the Drosophila Polycomb group (PcG) gene products Psc and Su(z)2, implying that they represent a gene family with related functions. As Drosophila PcG gene products are thought to function as transcriptional repressors by(More)
The effects of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) on acetylcholine-induced hyperpolarization and relaxation were examined in rat mesenteric arteries. LPC (3-10 microM) reversibly inhibited endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization by acetylcholine in a concentration-dependent manner. LPC (10 microM) inhibited only partially endothelium-dependent relaxation by(More)