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A transcription factor, Cbfa1, which belongs to the runt-domain gene family, is expressed restrictively in fetal development. To elucidate the function of Cbfa1, we generated mice with a mutated Cbfa1 locus. Mice with a homozygous mutation in Cbfa1 died just after birth without breathing. Examination of their skeletal systems showed a complete lack of(More)
Cbfa1, a transcription factor that belongs to the runt-domain gene family, plays an essential role in osteogenesis. Cbfa1-deficient mice completely lacked both intramembranous and endochondral ossification, owing to the maturational arrest of osteoblasts, indicating that Cbfa1 has a fundamental role in osteoblast differentiation. However, Cbfa1 was also(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of interferon (IFN) monotherapy on the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in aged-patients with chronic hepatitis C. Seven hundred and twenty-five patients with histologically proven chronic hepatitis C were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study; 531 received IFN monotherapy for 6 months between(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that angiotensin II (AngII) acts as a modulator for ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction. Using competitive reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, nuclear runoff, and binding assays, we examined the regulation of AngII type 1a and 1b (AT1a-R and AT1b-R) and type 2 receptor (AT2-R) expression in the(More)
PGE2 functions as a potent stimulator of bone resorption. The action of PGE2 is thought to be mediated by some PGE receptor subtypes present in osteoblastic cells. In this study, we examined the involvement of PGE receptor subtypes, EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4, in PGE2-induced bone resorption using specific agonists for the respective EPs. In mouse calvaria(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II has two major receptor isoforms, AT1 and AT2. Currently, AT1 antagonists are undergoing clinical trials in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Treatment with AT1 antagonists causes elevation of plasma Ang II which selectively binds to AT2 and exerts as yet undefined effects. Cardiac AT2 level is low in adult hearts, whereas its(More)
Estrogen deficiency caused by ovariectomy (OVX) results in a marked bone loss due to stimulated bone resorption by osteoclasts. During our investigations of the pathogenesis of bone loss in estrogen deficiency, we found that OVX selectively stimulates B-lymphopoiesis which results in marked accumulation of B220-positive pre-B cells in mouse bone marrow. To(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (Ang II) C-terminal hexapeptide (referred to as Ang IV) possesses the characteristics of a real hormone with specific receptors and biological effects. Clinical application of Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1-R) antagonists cause an increase in plasma Ang II level, which may result in enhanced production of Ang IV. PATIENTS AND(More)
Osteoclasts differentiate from the hemopoietic monocyte/macrophage cell lineage in bone marrow through cell-cell interactions between osteoclast progenitors and stromal/osteoblastic cells. Here we show another osteoclast differentiation pathway closely connected with B lymphocyte differentiation. Recently the TNF family molecule osteoclast differentiation(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of interferon therapy on the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in chronic hepatitis C is poorly defined. OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in interferon-treated patients with chronic hepatitis C to that of historical controls and to examine whether response to therapy is related to incidence of(More)