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A transcription factor, Cbfa1, which belongs to the runt-domain gene family, is expressed restrictively in fetal development. To elucidate the function of Cbfa1, we generated mice with a mutated Cbfa1 locus. Mice with a homozygous mutation in Cbfa1 died just after birth without breathing. Examination of their skeletal systems showed a complete lack of(More)
Cbfa1, a transcription factor that belongs to the runt-domain gene family, plays an essential role in osteogenesis. Cbfa1-deficient mice completely lacked both intramembranous and endochondral ossification, owing to the maturational arrest of osteoblasts, indicating that Cbfa1 has a fundamental role in osteoblast differentiation. However, Cbfa1 was also(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) greatly induces osteoclast formation and stimulates bone resorption of mouse calvaria in culture. In the presence of soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R), IL-6 similarly induces osteoclast formation, but the potency of IL-6 in inducing bone resorption in organ culture is weaker than that of IL-1. To study the differences in bone-resorbing(More)
PGE2 functions as a potent stimulator of bone resorption. The action of PGE2 is thought to be mediated by some PGE receptor subtypes present in osteoblastic cells. In this study, we examined the involvement of PGE receptor subtypes, EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4, in PGE2-induced bone resorption using specific agonists for the respective EPs. In mouse calvaria(More)
Chemotherapy is not effective for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HMG-CoA redutase inhibitors have cytostatic activity for cancer cells, but their clinical usefulness is unknown. To investigate whether pravastatin, a potent HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, prolongs survival in patients with advanced HCC, this randomized controlled trial was conducted between(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of interferon (IFN) monotherapy on the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in aged-patients with chronic hepatitis C. Seven hundred and twenty-five patients with histologically proven chronic hepatitis C were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study; 531 received IFN monotherapy for 6 months between(More)
Osteoclasts differentiate from the hemopoietic monocyte/macrophage cell lineage in bone marrow through cell-cell interactions between osteoclast progenitors and stromal/osteoblastic cells. Here we show another osteoclast differentiation pathway closely connected with B lymphocyte differentiation. Recently the TNF family molecule osteoclast differentiation(More)
Two subtypes of angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors (AT1 and AT2) are distinguished by using the respective specific antagonists. In the present study, we report the regulation of cardiac AT1 type A (AT1A) receptor mRNA levels and the expression pattern of AT1 and AT2 receptors in the growth of the heart and the development and regression of cardiac(More)
Angiotensin (Ang) II has two major receptor isoforms, AT1 and AT2. Currently, AT1 antagonists are undergoing clinical trials in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Treatment with AT1 antagonists causes elevation of plasma Ang II which selectively binds to AT2 and exerts as yet undefined effects. Cardiac AT2 level is low in adult hearts, whereas its(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) acts as a potent stimulator of bone resorption. In this study, we first clarified in normal ddy mice the involvement of protein kinase A and induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in PGE(2)-induced bone resorption, and then identified PGE receptor subtype(s) mediating this PGE(2) action using mice lacking each subtype(More)