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Pax-6 is a member of the vertebrate Pax gene family, which is structurally related to the Drosophila pair-rule gene, paired. In mammals, Pax-6 is expressed in several discrete domains of the developing CNS and has been implicated in neural development, although its precise role remains elusive. We found a novel Small eye rat strain (rSey2) with phenotypes(More)
Craniofacial development of vertebrates depends largely on neural crest contribution and each subdomain of the crest-derived ectomesenchyme follows its specific genetic control. The rat small eye (rSey) involves a mutation in the Pax-6 gene and the external feature of rSey homozygous embryos exhibits craniofacial defects in ocular and frontonasal regions.(More)
A new mutant rat with small eyes (rSey) which was found in the course of breeding Sprague-Dawley rats is described. Genetic analysis demonstrates that rSey is inherited as an autosomal dominant mutation. Heterozygotes (rSey/+) have small eyes, while homozygotes (rSey/rSey) do not develop lens and nasal placodes, resulting in lack of eyes and the nose and(More)
PURPOSE To compare the visual and optical outcomes of four multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) with three different near additions of +3.00 diopters (D), +3.75 D and +4.00 D. METHODS In this prospective study, 133 eyes of 88 patients were implanted with one of the following IOLs: AcrySof(®) ReSTOR(®) SN6AD1 (+3.00 D) for Group A, Acriva(UD) Reviol BB MF(More)
BACKGROUND Mammalian sirtuins are homologs to the yeast silent information regulator 2 (Sir2), which is an NAD-dependent deacetylase. Sirtuins are comprised of 7 proteins, and each has different target proteins. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) plays important roles in maintaining metabolic functions and immune responses, and SIRT3 protects cells from oxidative(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate and compare the visual acuity outcomes and optical performances of eyes implanted with two diffractive multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) models with either a plate haptic design or a modified-C design. METHODS This retrospective study comprised cataract patients who were implanted with either a plate haptic multifocal IOL model(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and overweight have been frequently observed in dogs and cats in recent years as in humans. The compositions of fatty acids (FAs) in the accumulated lipids in tissues of obese animals may have important roles in the process and mechanisms related to the onset of metabolic disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of(More)
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