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BACKGROUND Microsatellite instability (MSI) and allelic imbalance involving chromosome arms 5q, 8p, 17p, and 18q are genetic alterations commonly found in colorectal cancer. We investigated whether the presence or absence of these genetic alterations would allow stratification of patients with Astler-Coller stage B2 or C colorectal cancer into favorable and(More)
Sound-pressure level (SPL) and fundamental frequency (F0) contours were obtained from four postlingually deafened adults who received cochlear implants and from a subject with Neurofibromatosis-2 (NF2) who had her hearing severely reduced following surgery to remove an auditory-nerve tumor and to implant an auditory brainstem implant. SPL and F0 contours(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-activation status may better predict the clinical behaviour of colon cancers than does EGFR expression. However, the prognostic effect of phospho-EGFR in primary colon cancer remains undefined. METHODS Phospho-EGFR (Tyr-1173) and EGFR expression were analysed by immunohistochemistry(More)
The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) conducted a randomized trial in patients less than or equal to 65 years old (median, 44 years) to determine whether increasing the intensity of postremission therapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) would improve the outcome. After uniform induction therapy, patients in complete remission (CR) who were less than(More)
BACKGROUND The ACCENT database, with individual patient data for 20 898 patients from 18 colon cancer clinical trials, was used to support Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of 3-year disease-free survival as a surrogate for 5-year overall survival. We hypothesised substantive differences in survival estimation with log-normal modelling rather than(More)
In 2 randomised, prospective Eastern Co-operative Oncology Group trials, the frequency of central nervous system (CNS) involvement after chemotherapy in 347 adults with stage III and IV unfavourable-histology, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was 8.4%. The frequency varied from 0% in diffuse mixed lymphoma to greater than 30% in lymphoblastic and(More)
172 patients who had had mastectomy for breast cancer were treated by repeated adjuvant chemotherapy, either with phenylalanine mustard (P.A.M.) or a combination of cyclophosphamide, 5-fluorouracil, and prednisone (C.F.P.) with and without radiotherapy. Tumours recurred significantly more frequently and mortality tended to be higher in P.A.M.-treated(More)
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