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The frequency and impact of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders necessitate research in characterizing the joint's function. The 6 discal attachments have not yet been systematically characterized under tension. Understanding their role in joint function may guide our study of TMJ pathologies, including disc displacement. In the present study, a porcine(More)
Replacement of degenerated cartilage with cell-based cartilage products may offer a long-term solution to halt arthritis' degenerative progression. Chondrocytes are frequently used in cell-based FDA-approved cartilage products; yet human marrow-derived stromal cells (hMSCs) show significant translational potential, reducing donor site morbidity and(More)
Mucosal arachidonic acid metabolism was examined after 3 h of ischemia and 1 h of reperfusion in isolated ileal segments in the dog. The cyclooxygenase products thromboxane B2, 6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha, and prostaglandin E2 increased by 365%, 97%, and 158%, respectively, after ischemia and reperfusion but were not altered after 3 h of ischemia alone.(More)
The effect of hypothermic intestinal ischemia and short-term reperfusion on mucosal arachidonic acid metabolism was studied in a dog model of intestinal preservation injury. Canine intestinal segments were flushed with cold Collins solution, cold stored (4 degrees C) for either 24 or 48 h, and subsequently reperfused in the donor for 1 h. Samples of(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the synthesis and metabolism of platelet activating factor (PAF, 1-0-alkyl-2-0 acetyl-sn3-phosphorylcholine) by renal tissue undergoing acute cellular allograft rejection in the canine model. Kidneys were transplanted into outbred mongrel dogs and allowed to reject without immunosuppressive therapy. Five days after(More)
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a class of degenerative musculoskeletal conditions associated with morphologic and functional deformities that affect up to 25% of the population, but their etiology and progression are poorly understood and, as a result, treatment options are limited. In up to 70% of cases, TMD are accompanied by malpositioning of the(More)
The objective of this investigation was to test the effects of glycine, a cytoprotectant in normothermic in vitro models of renal ischemia, in a model of hypothermic renal preservation injury. This study also probes possible physiological mechanisms of glycine protection during renal hypothermic ischemia-reperfusion injury. Canine kidneys were subjected to(More)
Expanded costochondral cells provide a clinically relevant cell source for engineering both fibrous and hyaline articular cartilage. Expanding chondrocytes in a monolayer results in a shift toward a proliferative, fibroblastic phenotype. Three-dimensional aggregate culture may, however, be used to recover chondrogenic matrix production. This study sought to(More)
The insufficient healing capacity of articular cartilage necessitates mechanically functional biologic tissue replacements. Using cells to form biomimetic cartilage implants is met with the challenges of cell scarcity and donor site morbidity, requiring expanded cells that possess the ability to generate robust neocartilage. To address this, this study(More)