Meghan J. Chenoweth

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Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi is a pathogen that only infects humans. Currently, there is no animal model for studying this pathogen. Recently, alymphoid RAG-2(-/-)/γ(c)(-/-) mice engrafted with human leukocytes, known as humanized mice, have been successfully utilized to develop experimental models for several human-specific viral infections, including(More)
IL-15 plays many important roles within the immune system. IL-15 signals in lymphocytes via trans presentation, where accessory cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells present IL-15 bound to IL-15Rα in trans to NK cells and CD8(+) memory T cells expressing IL-15/IL-2Rβ and common γ chain (γ(c)). Previously, we showed that the prophylactic delivery of(More)
Influenza viral infection results in excessive pulmonary inflammation that has been linked to the damage caused by immune responses and viral replication. The multifunctional cytokine interleukin (IL-15), influences the proliferation and maintenance of immune cells such as CD8(+) T cells and natural killer (NK) cells. Here we show that IL-15(-/-) mice are(More)
Type I interferon (IFN) signalling, NK cells and NK cell-derived IFN-γ are critical in the early control of genital HSV-2 infection. We have recently reported that NK cells are the source of early IFN-γ in the genital tract in response to HSV-2. However, the response of NK cells to genital HSV-2 infection is not well defined in the context of type I IFN(More)
Fimbriae H protein (FimH) is a novel TLR4 ligand that has been shown to stimulate the innate immune system and elicits protective responses against bacterial and viral infections. Here, we evaluated the protective role of local delivery of FimH against influenza A infection in a mouse model. We show that intranasal delivery of FimH prior to lethal challenge(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. typhi), is a human restricted pathogen and the causal agent of typhoid fever. Although the use of antimicrobial drugs or vaccines has served as an effective therapeutics strategy against typhoid fever, the recent surge in multidrug resistant strains of S. typhi presents a major health concern worldwide. Progress on(More)
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