Learn More
PURPOSE To estimate the frequency of convergence insufficiency (CI) and its related clinical characteristics among 9- to 13-year-old children. METHODS Fifth and sixth graders were screened in school settings at three different study sites. Eligible children with 20/30 or better visual acuity, minimal refractive error, no strabismus, and exophoria at near(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to fill a significant void in the ophthalmic literature by performing a large scale, comprehensive, prospective study of the prevalence of vision disorders and ocular pathology in a clinical pediatric population using well-defined diagnostic criteria. METHODS A prospective study was performed on 2,023 consecutive(More)
The objectives of this pilot study were to investigate the effectiveness of Irlen filters for improving comfort and reading performance and to determine whether traditional optometric intervention would be effective in relieving the symptoms commonly reported by people seeking help through the use of Irlen filters. Thirty subjects were included in the(More)
Individuals with "scotopic sensitivity syndrome" have been reported to have visual symptoms including eye strain, headaches, blurred vision, double vision and words moving on the page. This study was designed to investigate Irlen's claims that these symptoms are unrelated to vision anomalies. She suggests that the use of Irlen tinted lenses/filters relieves(More)
Subjective testing of accommodative facility can be difficult with young or nonverbal children, and children with learning problems. A new technique to objectively assess accommodative facility using monocular estimation method (MEM) retinoscopy is described. The objective technique was compared to a subjective assessment of accommodative facility, and the(More)
Seven different types of protective sports eyewear were tested to determine whether peripheral awareness as measured with a visual performance task were affected. Goldmann perimetry and the Wayne Saccadic Fixator with Stik-Up attachments were utilized in a repeated measures research design. The sports glasses did restrict visual field, but no one pair of(More)
Biofeedback training of accommodation was performed with nine subjects using the Accommotrac Vision Trainer to attempt to improve visual acuity (VA) and reduce myopia. A single-subject research design was used. Improvements in VA were seen with some subjects, but it is not clear whether the improvements were due to the biofeedback training alone, or to a(More)
Although the entity of divergence insufficiency was described as early as 1886 by Duane, it has received relatively little attention in the literature. Patients presenting with a greater eso deviation at distance than at near, a concomitant deviation, and diplopia pose a challenging and critical diagnostic and therapeutic puzzle for the clinician.(More)
An extensive literature search covering the last 35 years was undertaken to retrieve all English language articles reporting results of surgical management of infantile esotropia. Only 27 of the 48 studies retrieved met the minimum criteria which we established for inclusion in our analysis. The success rate for achieving some level of binocular vision was(More)
BACKGROUND Convergence excess is a commonly encountered non-strabismic ocular motility disorder. There are, however, very few research data that evaluate the effect of vision therapy for this condition in a clinical population. METHODS The records of 83 consecutive patients with convergence excess who were treated with vision therapy were reviewed to(More)