Meghan A. Campbell

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Serine proteinases of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils play an important role in neutrophil-mediated proteolytic events; however, the non-oxidative mechanisms by which the cells can degrade extracellular matrix in the presence of proteinase inhibitors have not been elucidated. Herein, we provide the first report that human neutrophils express(More)
The addition of foetal calf serum to explant cultures of adult bovine articular cartilage is known to stimulate proteoglycan synthesis in a dose-dependent manner. We have now shown the activity in serum responsible for this effect to be heat- and acid-stable, to be associated with a high-Mr complex in normal serum but converted to a low-Mr form under acid(More)
Ligation of the antigen receptor on B cells induces the rapid phosphorylation of tyrosine on a number of cellular proteins. A monoclonal antibody that recognized a tyrosine-phosphorylated cell surface protein that was present in activated B cells was generated. Amino acid sequence analysis showed that this 140-kilodalton protein was CD22, a B cell-specific(More)
Membrane-bound leukocyte elastase activity on neutrophils may have potent proinflammatory effects. Herein, we report the effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), platelet-activating factor (PAF), N-formyl-leucyl-methionyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), and interleukin-8 (IL-8) on membrane-bound elastase expression. TNF-alpha or PAF alone induced only(More)
A mAb produced by immunization of mice with tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins from activated B lymphocytes was found to recognize valosin-containing protein (VCP). VCP is the mammalian homologue of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC48 protein and has localized regions of sequence identity with the yeast Sec18 and Pas1 proteins and the mammalian NSF protein,(More)
This paper investigates the kinetics and mechanism of loss of the two major proteoglycan species from cultures of bovine collateral ligament. Following incubation of ligament with [35S]sulfate after 6 days in culture, the rate of loss of the predominant proteoglycan species, decorin, from the matrix was shown to be much slower (t1/2 approximately 18 days)(More)
Proteoglycans in cultures of adult bovine articular cartilage labeled with [35S]sulfate after 5 days in culture and maintained in medium containing 20% fetal calf X serum had longer half-lives (average 11 days) compared with those of the same tissue maintained in medium alone (average 6 days). The half-lives of proteoglycans in cultures of calf cartilage(More)
Catalytically active cathepsin G that is bound to the cell surface of human neutrophils may play a variety of roles in normal neutrophil biology and in pathobiology associated with inflammation. In this study, we describe expression of neutrophil cell surface-bound cathepsin G in response to TNF-alpha and platelet-activating factor (PAF) under conditions in(More)
Oligonucleotide chemistry has been developed greatly over the past three decades, with many advances in increasing nuclease resistance, enhancing duplex stability and assisting with cellular uptake. Locked nucleic acid (LNA) is a structurally rigid modification that increases the binding affinity of a modified-oligonucleotide. In contrast, unlocked nucleic(More)
The pendula phenotype of Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst f. pendula] is characterized by narrow crowns and strong apical dominance and is controlled by a single dominant gene (P). This defined genetic control presents one of the few opportunities to map a single gene controlling a morphological trait in a forest tree. We used random amplified(More)