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Serine proteinases of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils play an important role in neutrophil-mediated proteolytic events; however, the non-oxidative mechanisms by which the cells can degrade extracellular matrix in the presence of proteinase inhibitors have not been elucidated. Herein, we provide the first report that human neutrophils express(More)
Proteoglycans in cultures of adult bovine articular cartilage labeled with [35S]sulfate after 5 days in culture and maintained in medium containing 20% fetal calf X serum had longer half-lives (average 11 days) compared with those of the same tissue maintained in medium alone (average 6 days). The half-lives of proteoglycans in cultures of calf cartilage(More)
Although proteinase 3 (PR3) is known to have the potential to promote inflammation and injure tissues, the biologic forms and function of PR3 in polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) from healthy donors have received little attention. In this paper, we show that PMN contain 3.24 +/- SD 0.24 pg of PR3 per cell, and that the mean concentration of PR3 in(More)
Ligation of the antigen receptor on B cells induces the rapid phosphorylation of tyrosine on a number of cellular proteins. A monoclonal antibody that recognized a tyrosine-phosphorylated cell surface protein that was present in activated B cells was generated. Amino acid sequence analysis showed that this 140-kilodalton protein was CD22, a B cell-specific(More)
Catalytically active cathepsin G that is bound to the cell surface of human neutrophils may play a variety of roles in normal neutrophil biology and in pathobiology associated with inflammation. In this study, we describe expression of neutrophil cell surface-bound cathepsin G in response to TNF-alpha and platelet-activating factor (PAF) under conditions in(More)
A mAb produced by immunization of mice with tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins from activated B lymphocytes was found to recognize valosin-containing protein (VCP). VCP is the mammalian homologue of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CDC48 protein and has localized regions of sequence identity with the yeast Sec18 and Pas1 proteins and the mammalian NSF protein,(More)
The addition of foetal calf serum to explant cultures of adult bovine articular cartilage is known to stimulate proteoglycan synthesis in a dose-dependent manner. We have now shown the activity in serum responsible for this effect to be heat- and acid-stable, to be associated with a high-Mr complex in normal serum but converted to a low-Mr form under acid(More)
Inflammatory cells are capable of degrading extracellular matrix macromolecules in vivo in the presence of proteinase inhibitors. We and others have hypothesized that such proteolysis is permitted in large part by mechanisms operative in the immediate pericellular environment, especially at zones of contact between inflammatory cells and insoluble matrix(More)
The P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) is a high-affinity ligand of P-selectin on myeloid cells and certain subsets of lymphoid cells. We generated the rat monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 2PH1 that recognizes an epitope within the first 19 amino acids at the N-terminus of the processed form of mouse PSGL-1. This antibody blocks attachment of mouse myeloid(More)
Leukocyte interactions with vascular endothelium during inflammation occur through discrete steps involving selectin-mediated leukocyte rolling and subsequent firm adhesion mediated by members of the integrin and Ig families of adhesion molecules. To identify functional synergy between selectin and Ig family members, mice deficient in both L-selectin and(More)