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Erythrocyte deformability improves blood flow in the microvessels and in large arteries at high shear rate. The major determinants of RBC deformability include cell geometry, cell shape and internal viscosity (i.e., mean cell hemoglobin concentration and components of the erythrocyte membrane). The deformability is measured by several techniques but(More)
Over the past decade, significant gains have been made in the implementation of malaria prevention measures in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa, including the distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). These have been shown to cause a reduction in the incidence of malaria and its consequences such as maternal anaemia, stillbirths and intrauterine(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by varying or persistent hyperglycemia either due to insufficient production of insulin by pancreas or improper utilization of the glucose. Erythrocytes remain in hyperglycemic environment throughout their life span and thus are subjected to series of compositional changes, which in turn affect(More)
Glucose-rich plasma is commonly observed in diabetes mellitus and in-vitro incubation of erythrocytes in glucose-rich media may produce the non-enzymatic glycosylation of erythrocyte proteins. The present study investigates the effects of an increased concentration of glucose in a suspending medium on erythrocyte rheological parameters. Erythrocytes, which(More)
Surface backscattering profiles from a human forearm and transmission profiles through a human thumb, of red and near-infrared lasers, were determined. For the preparation of tissue-equivalent phantoms, white paraffin wax mixed with various wax color pigments were used. The surface reflectance profiles of a human forearm were matched with that of the(More)
The erythrocyte deformability of blood samples, of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with and without microangiopathic complications such as nephropathy and retinopathy, is determined and is compared with that of healthy control. The erythrocyte deformability is measured in terms of elongation index (EI) with microfluidic ektacytometer, which is very(More)
Malaria due to P. vivax (PV) is prevalent in many countries. The present work is aimed to determine the cell-cell interaction through formation of aggregates under dynamic conditions. Blood samples are obtained from patients (n=11) suffering from PV malaria, and the normal subjects (n=10) in test tubes containing citrate phosphate dextrose (10:1.4), as an(More)
Pulmonary function (FVC, FEV1, PEFR, MMEF) and arterial blood gases (ABG) were analysed in 30 patients of portal hypertension. The aetiology of portal hypertension included cirrhosis of liver (n = 10), non cirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF, n = 10) and extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO). Ten patients with chronic active hepatitis (CAH) without(More)
Blood samples of malaria patients (n = 30), selected based on the severity of parasitemia, were divided into low (LP), medium (MP) and high (HP) parasitemia, which represent increasing levels of the disease severity. Healthy subjects (n = 10) without any history of disease were selected as a control group. By processing of erythrocytes images their contours(More)
Erythrocyte aggregation and elongation index (EI) (deformability) are measured at temperatures ranging from 5 degrees C to 37 degrees C by aggregometer MA1, and diffractometer Rheodyne SSD and the LORCA, respectively. The test samples are prepared from blood obtained from healthy subjects in test tubes containing EDTA as an anticoagulant and prior to(More)