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BACKGROUND Cranio-spinal axis teratomas are rare. This subset is interesting because symptoms can be varied, depending on the location. Histopathology is diagnostic; most of the lesions are benign. Rarely, malignancy develops in any of the somatic components. AIMS To study the demographic, clinico-morphological and follow-up data of central nervous system(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess outcome of epilepsy surgery in children with medically refractory partial epilepsy evaluated with non-invasive protocol and to determine the predictors of outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of presurgical, surgical, and postsurgical data was performed in 87 children who had at least 1 year post surgery follow-up.(More)
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is not uncommon after renal transplantation and is harder to handle compared to cell-mediated rejection. When refractory to conventional therapies, rituximab is an attractive option. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of rituximab in refractory late acute AMR. This is a retrospective study involving nine renal(More)
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are the most common and lethal primary tumors of the central nervous system with high level of recurrence despite aggressive therapy. Tumor-associated proteins/peptides may appear in the plasma of these patients as a result of disruption of the blood-brain barrier in them, raising the scope for development of plasma-based tests for(More)
Primary melanocytic tumors of the central nervous system are rare. In this article the authors describe a case of C1C2 intradural extramedullary melanocytoma in a 43-year-old patient who presented with neck pain. C1-3 laminectomy was performed followed by excision of the lesion and an adjoining satellite nodule, along with the dural attachment. The(More)
Hemangiopericytomas (HPC) of the central nervous system (CNS) are uncommon dural-based tumors that mimic meningiomas clinically and radiologically. Because there are few reports about these tumors from India, we aimed to study the clinico-pathological and immunohistochemical features of CNS HPC. During 2000 to 2008 all 23 patients diagnosed with HPC of CNS(More)
Granulomatous amoebic encephalitis (GAE) caused by certain species belonging to the genus Acanthamoeba, Balamuthia, or Naegleria presents as a subacute or chronic illness. Amoebic encephalitis caused by Acanthamoeba is seen more often in immunosuppressed individuals. Thus, it may often be associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired(More)
Chronic granulomatous CNS infections may be caused by tuberculosis, fungi and rarely by free-living amoeba, especially in immunocompromised individuals. We report a rare, fatal case of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis in an immunocompetent patient mimicking CNS tuberculosis, and review the imageological features and diagnostic tests.
Granulomatous interstitial nephritis (GIN) is a rare condition. Drugs, infections, immune processes, and foreign body reaction are the main causes. We identified a total of 14 patients with GIN during a period of 13 years in 2798 renal biopsies. There were 8 males and 6 females in the age range of 20-70 (mean 35 ± 12) years. The serum creatinine at(More)