Megan Toomey

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Pirenzepine, a newly described antagonist of selective muscarinic receptors (M1), has been shown to be a potent inhibitor of acid secretion. To determine whether this property of pirenzepine can be explained in part by its actions on hormones regulating acid secretion, we examined pirenzepine's effects on gastrin and somatostatinlike immunoreactivity (SLI)(More)
We have investigated the mechanisms underlying prostaglandin inhibition of histamine-stimulated parietal cell function. Enzyme-dispersed canine parietal cells were enriched by elutriation. The accumulation of the weak base [14C]aminopyrine was used as an index of parietal cell function and cyclic adenosine monophosphate content was measured by(More)
To study the control of histamine release, we developed techniques for culturing fundic mucosal mast cells. After enzyme dispersion, enrichment by elutriation, and overnight suspension culture, mast cells accounted for 30% of the cells present. Histamine release into the medium, measured by radioenzymatic assay, was stimulated by the lectin concanavalin A(More)
PURPOSE The goal of this study was to use multiple quantitative disease measures to evaluate the effect of various viral inocula on the development of vaccinia keratitis in rabbits. METHODS Trephined eyes of female rabbits were infected with 10(4), 10(5), 10(6), or 10(7) plaque-forming units (pfu) of the Dryvax strain of the vaccinia virus and scored(More)
With the onset of milk production, serum concentrations of alpha lipoproteins in the dairy cow steadily increase, frequently attaining values greater than 1.5 g/dl. Since these lipoproteins comprise a highly polydisperse system, we have carried out studies to explore differences among bovine alpha lipoproteins in the density interval between 1.05 to 1.21(More)
We examined regulation of histamine release from canine hepatic and fundic mucosal mast cells in short-term culture. We found that beta- but not alpha-adrenergic agonists markedly inhibited concanavalin A (ConA)-stimulated histamine release. Inhibition by epinephrine was reversed by the beta-antagonist propranolol, but not by the alpha-adrenergic(More)
We examined whether PTH could increase glucagon secretion in an in vitro system, the isolated perfused rat pancreas. Since the response of the A cell has been shown to be modulated by antecedent exposure to elevated concentrations of glucose, bovine PTH (Beckman 1-34) was superimposed upon 15-min infusions of glucose followed by arginine or upon infusions(More)
Cellular mechanisms underlying the anti-secretory actions of the prostaglandin E2 analogue enprostil were studied using enzyme-dispersed, elutriator-enriched canine parietal cells and the accumulation of the weak base 14C-labeled aminopyrine as a functional index. Enprostil inhibited the accumulation of aminopyrine stimulated by histamine and the(More)
BACKGROUND Vaccinia virus keratitis (VACVK) is a complication of smallpox vaccination that can result in blindness. There are no Food and Drug Administration-approved treatments for VACVK, and vaccinia immunoglobulin (VIG) is contraindicated in isolated VACVK. We used a rabbit model of infection to compare several therapeutic options for VACVK. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE Vaccinia virus keratitis leading to blindness is a severe complication of smallpox vaccination. The clinical manifestations of vaccinia virus keratitis are similar to those of herpes simplex virus keratitis, a well-studied immunopathologic disease. Vaccinia virus keratitis is likely to involve an immunopathologic component, but little is known about(More)
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