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BACKGROUND The psychological morbidity, functional impairment, and disturbance in psychosocial adjustment to illness was evaluated in relation to breast cancer-related arm swelling. METHODS Fifty women with breast cancer-related arm swelling were matched with 50 control subjects for age, duration since treatment, and type of treatment received. All study(More)
Biosynthesis of cephalosporin antibiotics involves an expansion of the five-membered thiazolidine ring of penicillin N to the six-membered dihydrothiazine ring of deacetoxycephalosporin C by a deacetoxycephalosporin C synthetase (DAOCS) enzyme activity. Hydroxylation of deacetoxycephalosporin C to form deacetylcephalosporin C by a deacetylcephalosporin C(More)
Polymerase chain reaction using degenerate primers was used to identify genes encoding proteins of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily in Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus flavus. In A. fumigatus, two genes (AfuMDR1 and AfuMDR2) encoding proteins of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily were identified. One gene (AflMDR1) was isolated from A. flavus and(More)
Isopenicillin N isomerase (epimerase) has been purified from Streptomyces clavuligerus, and the amino acid sequence of the N-terminus has been determined. By using single oligonucleotide probes based on high GC codon bias ("guessmers"), the translation start codons were determined for two successive genes in the beta-lactam-biosynthetic pathway and mapped(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of a cloned full-length DNA copy of genome RNA segment 5 of influenza B/Lee/40 virus has been determined. The genome segment is 1841 nucleotides in length and is capable of coding for a nucleoprotein (NP) of 560 amino acids. Comparison with the only other known sequence of an influenza B virus nucleoprotein gene(More)
Lysine epsilon-aminotransferase (LAT) in the beta-lactam-producing actinomycetes is considered to be the first step in the antibiotic biosynthetic pathway. Cloning of restriction fragments from Streptomyces clavuligerus, a beta-lactam producer, into Streptomyces lividans, a nonproducer that lacks LAT activity, led to the production of LAT in the host. DNA(More)
A high level E. coli expression system has been constructed for the Penicillium chrysogenum penDE gene, which encodes the acyl-coenzyme A: isopenicillin N-acyltransferase (AT) enzyme. Induction of overexpression of recombinant AT (recAT) by increasing the growth temperature of the host adversely affected solubility and activity of the AT enzyme. Addition of(More)
Subunit interaction in the formation of active acyl-coenzyme A:isopenicillin N acyltransferase (AT) has been investigated. Various AT derivatives were produced from altered Penicillium chrysogenum penDE genes placed in Escherichia coli expression systems. The regions of penDE encoding the alpha (11 kDa) and beta (29 kDa) AT subunits were separated at the(More)
The final step in the biosynthesis of beta-lactam antibiotics in Penicillium chrysogenum and Aspergillus nidulans involves removal of the L-alpha-aminoadipyl side chain from isopenicillin N (IPN) and exchange with a nonpolar side chain. The enzyme catalyzing this reaction, acyl-coenzyme A:isopenicillin N acyltransferase (acyltransferase), was purified from(More)
Lymphoedema is a problem for many women after treatment for breast cancer, leading to physical, psychosocial, and psychological problems, which have been acknowledged but are poorly understood. This article discusses the findings of two studies that used the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale to examine the psychosocial morbidity of patients with(More)