Megan R. Schwarzman

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OBJECTIVE We describe fundamental weaknesses in U.S. chemicals policy, present principles of chemicals policy reform, and articulate interdisciplinary research questions that should be addressed. With global chemical production projected to double over the next 24 years, federal policies that shape the priorities of the U.S. chemical enterprise will be a(More)
Although understanding the environmental factors that contribute to breast cancer could improve disease prevention, standard chemical testing protocols do not adequately evaluate chemicals' effects on breast development. Evidence suggests: (1) mammary gland (MG) development is a complex process that extends from gestation through fetal and neonatal growth,(More)
Frameworks for chemical assessment often aim to identify substances that persist in ecosystems and bioaccumulate in organisms, because these tendencies increase a chemical’s potential for long-term harm to human and environmental health. Since the late 1990s, numerous chemical assessment frameworks worldwide—both regulatory and non-regulatory—have(More)
REACH represents a global paradigm shift in chemical regulation, and it has introduced a new, complex regulatory process to which chemical producers and users throughout supply chains must adapt. This paper presents results of survey research to illustrate whether and how the business members of a large Scandinavian trade organization understand and comply(More)
BACKGROUND Current approaches to chemical screening, prioritization, and assessment are being reenvisioned, driven by innovations in chemical safety testing, new chemical regulations, and demand for information on human and environmental impacts of chemicals. To conceptualize these changes through the lens of a prevalent disease, the Breast Cancer and(More)
O ver the last century, industrial chemicals have become ubiquitous in materials, products, and manufacturing processes used throughout society. In 2006, more than 34 million metric tons of chemical substances were produced in, or imported into, the United States every day ( 1). Over the next quarter-century, global chemical production is projected to(More)
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