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PURPOSE Visually guided ocular growth is facilitated by scleral extracellular matrix remodeling at the posterior pole of the eye. Coincident with scleral remodeling, significant changes in choroidal morphology, blood flow, and protein synthesis have been shown to occur in eyes undergoing ocular growth changes. The current study is designed to identify gene(More)
Sigma receptors have recently been implicated in the actions of cocaine, and antagonists of these receptors prevent many acute and subchronic cocaine effects. A previous study revealed that the immediate early gene fra-2 is up-regulated after cocaine administration, and this effect is prevented by the sigma-1 receptor antagonist BD1063(More)
Angiogenesis is essential to tumour progression and a precise evaluation of angiogenesis is important for tumour early diagnosis and treatment. The quantitative and dynamic in vivo assessment of tumour angiogenesis can be achieved by molecular magnetic resonance imaging (mMRI). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptors (VEGFRs) are the(More)
Autophagy is the regulated process cells use to recycle nonessential, redundant, or inefficient components and is an adaptive response during times of stress. In addition to its function in enabling the cell to gain vital nutrients in times of stress, autophagy can also be involved in elimination of intracellular microorganisms, tumor suppression, and(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple recent studies have found aberrant expression profiles of microRNAome in human cancers. While several target genes have been experimentally identified for some microRNAs in various tumors, the global pattern of cellular functions and pathways affected by co-expressed microRNAs in cancer remains elusive. The goal of this study was to(More)
Blast wave-induced traumatic injury from terrorist explosive devices can occur at any time in either military or civilian environments. To date, little work has focused on the central nervous system response to a non-penetrating blast injury. We have evaluated the effect of a single 80-psi blast-overpressure wave in a rat model. Histological and(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence from epidemiological, clinical and animal studies suggests a link may exist between low bone density and cardiovascular disease, with inflammatory mediators implicated in the pathophysiology of both conditions. This project examined whether supplementation with soy isoflavones (IF), shown to have anti-inflammatory properties, could(More)
Inflammation is a well-defined factor in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). There is a strong need to identify the molecules contributing to neuroinflammation so that therapies can be designed to prevent immune-mediated neurotoxicity. The cationic antimicrobial protein of 37 kDa (CAP37) is an inflammatory mediator constitutively expressed in neutrophils (PMNs). In(More)
PURPOSE The neutrophil-derived granular protein, CAP37, an innate immune system molecule, has antibiotic and immunomodulatory effects on host cells, including corneal epithelial cells. We previously showed that CAP37 modulates corneal epithelial cell migration, adhesion, and proliferation, and that protein kinase C delta (PKCδ) mediates CAP37-induced(More)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) possesses significant arousing and cardio-respiratory stimulant actions. The effects of a 2 mg/kg i.v. bolus dose of TRH on respiration and systemic hemodynamics were compared in conscious, freely-moving rats and during anesthesia with 4 different anesthetics. Fifty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 285 +/- 4 g (mean(More)