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Previously, dietary supplementation with dried plums, a rich source of polyphenolic compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, has been shown to improve bone density, microstructure and biomechanics in female animal models of osteopenia. We designed this study to determine the extent to which dried plum prevents skeletal deterioration in(More)
microRNAs are functional, 22 nt, noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression. Disturbance of microRNA expression may play a role in the initiation and progression of certain diseases. A microRNA expression signature has been identified that is associated with pancreatic cancer. This has been accomplished with the application of real-time PCR(More)
Solar radiation induces numerous biologic effects in skin but the mechanism underlying these responses is poorly understood. To study the etiology of these phenomena, we investigated the effect of light on cultured Xenopus laevis melanophores. Visible light stimulated a marked increase in intracellular cAMP levels within the first minute of irradiation.(More)
Clinically, osteopenia or low bone mass has been observed in a variety of chronic inflammatory diseases, and elevated proinflammatory mediators have implicated this process. The purpose of this study was to develop an in vivo model of bone loss induced by chronic systemic inflammation. Time-release pellets designed to deliver one of three doses of LPS: Low(More)
Prohibitin is a candidate tumor suppressor gene located on human chromosome 17q21, a region of frequent loss of heterozygosity in breast cancers. We showed previously that microinjection of RNA encoded by the prohibitin gene 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) blocks the G(1)-S transition causing cell cycle arrest in several human cancer cell lines, including(More)
The ability of cocaine to interact with sigma receptors suggests a viable target for medications development. Recently, numerous novel compounds and antisense oligodeoxynucleotides targeting sigma receptors have been synthesized and shown to prevent the behavioral toxicity and psychomotor stimulant effects of cocaine in animals. Protective doses of sigma(More)
Dried plums and their polyphenols have been shown to suppress bone resorption by downregulating receptor activator NF-κB ligand (RANKL). Due to the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of these compounds, this study was designed to investigate whether dried plum polyphenols exert additional, more direct effects on osteoclasts and their precursors.(More)
The assessment of metabolites by (1)H MRS can provide information regarding glioma growth, and may be able to distinguish between different glioma models. Rat C6, 9 L/LacZ, F98 and RG2, and mouse GL261, cells were intracerebrally implanted into the respective rodents, and human U87 MG cells were implanted into athymic rats. Ethyl-nitrosourea induction was(More)
Pancreatic cancer is an exceptionally aggressive disease in great need of more effective therapeutic options. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a key role in cancer invasion and metastasis, and there is a gain of stem cell properties during EMT. Here we report increased expression of the putative pancreatic stem cell marker DCAMKL-1 in an(More)
Leuprolide, a gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist, is currently being evaluated in a pilot study of premenopausal women for the prevention of breast cancer. However, little data is available regarding the efficacy of leuprolide in experimental animal models of carcinoma when administered prior to the carcinogen. In the present study the capacity of(More)