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for comments on previous versions of this manuscript. I am also especially grateful to the CDC PRAMS Working Group members for providing the data and comments on multiple drafts of this manuscript and presentations based on it. The contents of this paper do not necessarily reflect the views of funding agencies or the CDC, the CDC PRAMS, or the CDC PRAMS(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a mixed-methods study to examine serodiscordant and seroconcordant (HIV-positive/HIV-positive) male couples' PrEP awareness, concerns regarding health care providers offering PrEP to the community, and correlates of PrEP uptake by the HIV-negative member of the couple. DESIGN Qualitative sub-study included one-on-one interviews to(More)
BACKGROUND Observational studies suggest that HIV-focused pharmacies can improve antiretroviral therapy (ART) refill adherence, but there is a lack of clear documentation about the kind and variability of adherence interventions that are conducted. OBJECTIVE To use qualitative research methods to obtain an in-depth understanding of how ART adherence(More)
BACKGROUND Healthcare discrimination based on race/ethnicity is associated with decreased healthcare access and utilization among racial/ethnic minority patients. Discrimination based on criminal record may also negatively impact healthcare access and utilization among ex-prisoners. METHODS We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional(More)
The author provides a review of the mechanism of neuromuscular transnission, as well as the Nechanisn of action and differences between curare and succinylcholine. Effects of these two relaxants on various organs and tissues are discussed, as are their onset of action, duration, elimination, and clinical uses. In order to understand how skeletal muscle(More)
Background: Most women involved in the criminal justice system are not incarcerated, but rather on probation or parole. We examined the receipt of health services and social vulnerability among women on parole or probation in the past year. Methods: In a community-based sample of 776 women who use crack cocaine or injection drugs, we compared those who had(More)
Sleep disturbances have been reported to be higher in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals compared to the general population. Despite the consequences of poor quality of sleep (QOS), research regarding sleep disturbances in HIV infection is lacking and many questions regarding correlates of poor QOS, especially in marginalized(More)
Research suggests that optimal couple functioning depends on adopting a "we" orientation to health. Using qualitative data from 20 male couples in which at least one partner was HIV-positive, we examined how couples viewed their health involvement and its relation to social support. One group described their health as highly interconnected; in a second(More)
BACKGROUND Dominant public health and medical discourse has relied on a pharmacocentric conception of heroin use-that is, the notion that heroin users inject compulsively to stave off physical and psychological withdrawal. Previous research disputes this claim suggesting that other patterns of heroin use, such as occasional, recreational, or controlled use(More)