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OBJECTIVE We examined the relationship among iron stores, the metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional study of 6,044 adults >20 years of age who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Metabolic syndrome was defined as the presence of at least three of the(More)
The authors performed a case-cohort study nested within the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study to determine the association between plasma ferritin level and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Persons with incident cases of type 2 diabetes diagnosed over an average follow-up period of 7.9 years (n = 599) were compared with a random sample of(More)
National guidelines for the prevention and treatment of hypertension recommend sodium reduction, weight loss, the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, and regular aerobic exercise. However, no trial has assessed the efficacy of simultaneously implementing all of these recommendations. The objective of this study was to determine the effects on(More)
As economic development and urbanization proceed globally, the coexistence of under- and over-nutrition within the same household, sometimes termed 'paradoxical' or 'dual burden' malnutrition is increasingly being reported. We used Demographic and Health Survey data sets from 18 lower and middle income countries to explore paradoxical forms of malnutrition(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of overweight and at-risk-for-overweight in schoolchildren from Baltimore City. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Ten schools within city limits were randomly selected from each tertile of income, using eligibility for free school lunch as a proxy. A total of 209 third grade students from eight public schools in(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of ambient temperature on cardiovascular disease has previously been studied. Less known are the effects of climate on blood pressure (BP) regulation, specifically, the role of temperature on BP variability. METHODS We investigated the effect of temperature and barometric pressure on ambulatory BP variability in 333 men and women(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the long-term effect on weight maintenance and dietary habits of participants in a clinical trial for weight loss. SETTING Community-based residents living in Maryland. PARTICIPANTS Forty-four hypertensive, overweight adults who participated in a randomized clinical trial of weight loss. Participants were randomized to an intensive(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine public knowledge, perceptions, and preparedness for the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 pandemic. DESIGN We conducted a telephone survey of selected households in Arizona during the month of October 2009. RESULTS Among the 727 households interviewed, one-third (34%) were not aware that the terms swine flu and H1N1 refer to the same virus.(More)