We have dissected specialized assemblies on the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome that help define and preserve the boundaries that separate silent and active chromatin. These assemblies contain characteristic stretches of DNA that flank particular regions of silent chromatin, as well as five distinctively modified histones and a set of protein complexes. The… (More)
Previous investigations of the potential value of postoperative environmental enrichment in enhancing functional recovery in brain-lesioned rats have yielded contradictory results. The present study sought to resolve some of the contradictions by drawing a clear distinction between the contribution of environmental enrichment to the processes of… (More)
The pre-sensor 1 (PS1) hairpin is found in ring-shaped helicases of the AAA+ family (ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities) of proteins and is implicated in DNA translocation during DNA unwinding of archaeal mini-chromosome maintenance (MCM) and superfamily 3 viral replicative helicases. To determine whether the PS1 hairpin is required… (More)
Helicase loaders transfer the ring-shaped replicative helicases onto DNA. They assort into two classes: ring breakers, which place stabile hexameric rings on DNA via transient gaps at subunit interfaces; and helicase makers, which assemble hexameric rings around DNA from monomeric helicase units.
Postoperative environmental enrichment (EC) in rats with brain lesions has been hailed as a potential agent of recovery of function following brain damage. However, most such claims are based on examining the effects of EC on acquisition of a new task following brain injury. Elsewhere we have argued that since this paradigm fails to establish a preoperative… (More)
Postoperative environmental enrichment in brain-lesioned rats has been found to enhance performance in tasks in which a range of sensory cues can be utilized but not in tasks in which information from one particular sensory modality is essential to goal attainment. This has generally been construed as evidence of a role for environmental enrichment in… (More)
The S-phase kinase, DDK controls DNA replication through phosphorylation of the replicative helicase, Mcm2-7. We show that phosphorylation of Mcm2 at S164 and S170 is not essential for viability. However, the relevance of Mcm2 phosphorylation is demonstrated by the sensitivity of a strain containing alanine at these positions (mcm2(AA)) to methyl… (More)
BACKGROUND Minichromosome maintenance proteins (Mcm) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 are related by sequence and form a variety of complexes that unwind DNA, including Mcm4/6/7. A Mcm4/6/7 trimer forms one half of the Mcm2-7 hexameric ring and can be thought of as the catalytic core of Mcm2-7, the replicative helicase in eukaryotic cells. Oligomeric analysis of… (More)