Megan J. Davey

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The Mcm2-7p heterohexamer is the presumed replicative helicase in eukaryotic cells. Each of the six subunits is required for replication. We have purified the six Saccharomyces cerevisiae MCM proteins as recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli and have reconstituted the Mcm2-7p complex from individual subunits. Study of MCM ATPase activity demonstrates(More)
We have dissected specialized assemblies on the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome that help define and preserve the boundaries that separate silent and active chromatin. These assemblies contain characteristic stretches of DNA that flank particular regions of silent chromatin, as well as five distinctively modified histones and a set of protein complexes. The(More)
Clamp loaders are required to load the ring-shaped clamps that tether replicative DNA polymerases onto DNA. Recently solved crystal structures, along with a series of biochemical studies, have provided a detailed understanding of the clamp loading reaction. In particular, studies of the Escherichia coli clamp loader--an AAA+ machine--have provided insights(More)
Helicases are transferred to replication origins by helicase loading factors. The Escherichia coli DnaC and eukaryotic Cdc6/18 helicase loaders contain ATP sites and are both members of the AAA+ family. One might expect that ATP is required for helicase loading; however, this study on DnaC illustrates that ATP is not actually needed for DnaC to load(More)
This study outlines the events downstream of origin unwinding by DnaA, leading to assembly of two replication forks at the E. coli origin, oriC. We show that two hexamers of DnaB assemble onto the opposing strands of the resulting bubble, expanding it further, yet helicase action is not required. Primase cannot act until the helicases move 65 nucleotides or(More)
Mcm4,6,7 is a ring-shaped heterohexamer and the putative eukaryotic replication fork helicase. In this study, we examine the mechanism of Mcm4,6,7. Mcm4,6,7 binds to only one strand of a duplex during unwinding, corresponding to the leading strand of a replication fork. Mcm4,6,7 unwinding stops at a nick in either strand. The Mcm4,6,7 ring also actively(More)
ParA, a P1 protein required for partition of the prophage plasmid, regulates expression of its own gene and another partition gene, parB, from a promoter upstream of parA. The ATP-dependent ParA DNA binding activity to the par promoter is thought to mediate this regulation. An alternate purification for ParA is presented. This highly purified ParA was used(More)
The S-phase kinase, DDK controls DNA replication through phosphorylation of the replicative helicase, Mcm2-7. We show that phosphorylation of Mcm2 at S164 and S170 is not essential for viability. However, the relevance of Mcm2 phosphorylation is demonstrated by the sensitivity of a strain containing alanine at these positions (mcm2(AA)) to methyl(More)
The essential minichromosome maintenance (Mcm) proteins Mcm2 through Mcm7 likely comprise the replicative helicase in eukaryotes. In addition to Mcm2-7, other subcomplexes, including one comprising Mcm4, Mcm6, and Mcm7, unwind DNA. Using Mcm4/6/7 as a tool, we reveal a role for nucleotide binding by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mcm2 in modulating DNA binding by(More)
The pre-sensor 1 (PS1) hairpin is found in ring-shaped helicases of the AAA+ family (ATPases associated with a variety of cellular activities) of proteins and is implicated in DNA translocation during DNA unwinding of archaeal mini-chromosome maintenance (MCM) and superfamily 3 viral replicative helicases. To determine whether the PS1 hairpin is required(More)