Megan Fabbro

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Centrosomes in mammalian cells have recently been implicated in cytokinesis; however, their role in this process is poorly defined. Here, we describe a human coiled-coil protein, Cep55 (centrosome protein 55 kDa), that localizes to the mother centriole during interphase. Despite its association with gamma-TuRC anchoring proteins CG-NAP and Kendrin, Cep55 is(More)
BRCA1 is a tumor suppressor with several important nuclear functions. BRCA1 has no known cytoplasmic functions. We show here that the two previously identified nuclear localization signals (NLSs) are insufficient for nuclear localization of BRCA1 due to the opposing action of an NH2-terminal nuclear export signal. In transfected breast cancer cells, BRCA1(More)
BRCA1 is a major player in the DNA damage response. This is evident from its loss, which causes cells to become sensitive to a wide variety of DNA damaging agents. The major BRCA1 binding partner, BARD1, is also implicated in the DNA damage response, and recent reports indicate that BRCA1 and BARD1 co-operate in this pathway. In this report, we utilized(More)
BRCA1 is involved in maintaining genomic integrity and, as a regulator of the G2/M checkpoint, contributes to DNA repair and cell survival. The overexpression of BRCA1 elicits diverse cellular responses including apoptosis due to the stimulation of specific signaling pathways. BRCA1 is normally regulated by protein turnover, but is stabilized by BARD1 which(More)
The breast cancer-associated protein, BARD1, colocalizes with BRCA1 in nuclear foci in the S phase and after DNA damage, and the two proteins form a stable heterodimer implicated in DNA repair, protein ubiquitination, and control of mRNA processing. BARD1 has a BRCA1-independent proapoptotic activity; however, little is known about its regulation. Here, we(More)
Tumor suppressor proteins control the proliferation and survival of normal cells; consequently, their inactivation by gene mutations can initiate or drive cancer progression. Most tumor suppressors have been identified by genetic screening, and in many cases their function and regulation are poorly understood. Ten such proteins were recently shown to(More)
This study investigates the exocytic responses of invertebrate hemocytes to pathogen-associated antigens. It demonstrates that a homologue of complement component C3, a key defensive protein of the innate immune system, is expressed by phagocytic hemocytes (non-refractile vacuolated cells) of the tunicate, Styela plicata. C3-like molecules are localized in(More)
BRCA1 regulates gene transcription as part of its tumor suppressor function. Prior studies on BRCA1 transactivation did not account for the impact of its binding partner, BARD1. Here we tested the effect of BARD1 on BRCA1 transactivation of the p21 and Gadd45 promoters. We show that BARD1 promoted nuclear accumulation of BRCA1, but repressed BRCA1-mediated(More)
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