Megan Ensinger

Learn More
Eight temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants that replicate normally at 32 C but poorly, if at all, at 39.5 C have been isolated from mutagenized stocks of a wild-type strain of type 5 adenovirus. Three mutagens were employed: nitrous acid, hydroxylamine, and nitrosoguanidine. Ts mutants were isolated from mutagenized viral stocks with frequencies between 0.01(More)
RNA guanylyl and methyl transferases have been solubilized from vaccinia virus cores. The guanylyl transferase specifically adds a GMP residue to the 5'-terminus of unmethylated vaccinia virus mRNA to form the structures G(5')ppp(5')Gp- and G(5')ppp(5')Ap-. Studies with [alpha-32P]GTP and [beta, gamma-32P]GTP indicated that only the alpha-phosphate is(More)
One hundred temperature-sensitive mutants of vaccinia virus WR were isolated from virus that had been mutagenized with 5-bromodeoxyuridine or N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. A rapid screening procedure based on the ability of vaccinia virus to form plaques under liquid overlay medium was used to identify potential mutants among randomly picked plaque(More)
The physical map locations of 62 temperature-sensitive mutations of vaccinia virus WR have been determined by marker rescue experiments, using cloned HindIII fragments of wild-type DNA. Since vaccinia virus DNA is not infectious, marker rescue was performed by infecting monolayers of cells at the nonpermissive temperature with a low multiplicity of the(More)
The phenotypic defects of three temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants of vaccinia virus, the ts mutations of which were mapped to the gene for one of the high-molecular-weight subunits of the virion-associated DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, were characterized. Because the virion RNA polymerase is required for the initiation of the viral replication cycle, it(More)
Infection of African green monkey kidney cells with type 5 adenovirus leads to the synthesis of two infected, cell-specific proteins with approximate molecular weights of 72,000 and 48,000, that bind specifically to single-stranded but not double-stranded DNA. The production of these two proteins was studied after infection with two DNA-negative adenovirus(More)
A novel enzyme involved in the post-transcriptional modification of the 5'-end of mRNA has been partially purified from HeLa cells. Termed an S-adenosyl-L-methionine:RNA(2'-O-methyladenosine-N4)-methyltransferase, the enzyme specifically catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine to the N6 position of a 2'-O-methyladenosine residue(More)
The 5' termini of many viral and cellular mRNAs contain sequences of the type m7G(5")pppNm. An RNA (guanine-7-)-methyltransferase that specifically methylates the 5'-terminal guanosine residue of RNAs ending in the dinucleoside triphosphate G(5')pppN- has been purified from the cytoplasm of HeLa cells. Approximately two-thirds of the methyltransferase(More)
Guanylyltransferase and methyltransferases that modify the 5'-terminals of viral mRNA's to form the structures m7G(5')pppAm- and m7G(5')pppGm- appear to be synthesized afte- vaccinia virus infection of HeLa cells. Elevations in these enzyme activities were detected within 1 h after virus inoculation and increased 15- to 30-fold by 4 to 10 h. Increases in(More)