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Progressive osseous heteroplasia (POH) is a rare disorder characterized by dermal ossification beginning in infancy followed by increasing and extensive bone formation in deep muscle and fascia. We describe two unrelated girls with typical clinical, radiographic, and histological features of POH who also have findings of another uncommon heritable disorder,(More)
We describe a new familial metabolic bone disease characterized by expanding hyperostotic long bones, early onset deafness, premature tooth loss, and episodic hypercalcemia. The condition affects a mother and daughter studied at the age of 36 years and 11 years, respectively. Both individuals lost all hearing in early childhood and suffered premature(More)
We characterize the clinical and radiographic evolution of X-linked recessive spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDT) in a 6-generation kindred from Arkansas (SEDT(AK)). Our observations show the natural progression of SEDT(AK) and enable carrier detection by radiographic study. We find that, SEDT(AK) manifests as a postnatal defect. Affected hemizygous(More)
Nephrocalcinosis (NC) detected by ultrasound is a recognized abnormality for some patients with X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) who received vitamin D2 and inorganic phosphate therapy, but is commonly observed in XLH patients treated with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and inorganic phosphate supplementation. Nevertheless, long-term follow-up of kidney function(More)
Four members of a family - three of whom have facial features mildly resembling those of the trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type I, and all of whom manifested appendicular bony prominences similar to trichorhinophalangeal syndrome, type II - were found to have the radiographic findings of metachondromatosis. The radiographic manifestations and evolution of(More)
An athletic 8-year-old boy developed severe muscle weakness over 2 years. At the age of 10 years, investigation for possible neuromuscular disease disclosed hypophosphatemia (1.8 mg/dl) and rickets. There was selective renal tubular wasting of inorganic phosphate (Pi) but no history of toxin exposure, familial bone or kidney disease, or biochemical evidence(More)
BACKGROUND Hand injuries are a common presentation to general practice and optimal hand function is essential for good quality of life. OBJECTIVE This article outlines an approach to the initial assessment of hand injuries, explains the principles of management and provides an overview of common hand injuries. DISCUSSION While many injuries will heal(More)
We describe a new heritable bone disease characterized radiographically by increasingly numerous and enlarging cyst-like lesions throughout the skeleton. Beginning in early childhood, a father, son, and daughter all suffered from progressively frequent pathological fractures involving such radiolucencies. Healing occurred uneventfully and with little(More)
Cytoreduction through multimodality therapy is the primary goal in management of malignant gliomas. Clinical trials such as those offered by the Brain Tumor Cooperative Group help to define current standards of care and investigate new therapies. Available therapies are in the medical, surgical, radiation and chemotherapeutic realms.