Megan E Williams

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In both radish and Arabidopsis, lateral root initiation involves a series of rapid divisions in pericycle cells located on the xylem radius of the root. In Arabidopsis, the number of pericycle cells that divide to form a primordium was estimated to be about 11. To determine the stage at which primordia are able to function as root meristems, primordia of(More)
The UNC5Hs are axon guidance receptors that mediate netrin-1-dependent chemorepulsion, and dependence receptors that mediate netrin-1-independent apoptosis. Here, we report an interaction between UNC5H1 and NRAGE. Our experiments show that this interaction is responsible for apoptosis induced by UNC5H1, and this level of apoptosis is greater than the amount(More)
The URF13 protein, which is encoded by the maize mitochondrial T-urf13 gene, is thought to be responsible for pathotoxin and methomyl sensitivity and male sterility. We have investigated whether T-urf13 confers toxin sensitivity and male sterility when expressed in another plant species. The coding sequence of T-urf13 was fused to a mitochondrial targeting(More)
Our understanding of mechanisms that regulate the differentiation of specific classes of synapses is limited. Here, we investigate the formation of synapses between hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) neurons and their target CA3 neurons and find that DG neurons preferentially form synapses with CA3 rather than DG or CA1 neurons in culture, suggesting that(More)
In addition to their role as chemorepellent netrin-1 receptors, UNC5 proteins may mediate cell death because they induce apoptosis in cultured cells. To test this in vivo, we generated Unc5a (formerly Unc5h1) knockout mice and found that this deletion decreased apoptosis and increased the number of neurons in the spinal cord. In contrast, loss of netrin-1(More)
Lateral roots can be synchronously induced in Arabidopsis by a brief auxin treatment. An early event in the development of a lateral root primordium is the accumulation of mRNAs encoding ribosomal proteins. In situ hybridizations show that mRNA encoding one ribosomal protein, L16, accumulates in all rapidly proliferating tissues including the shoot and root(More)
Acyl-CoA-binding protein (ACBP) functions both intracellularly as part of fatty acid metabolism and extracellularly as diazepam binding inhibitor, the precursor of endozepine peptides. Two of these peptides, ODN and TTN, bind to the GABA(A) receptor and modulate its sensitivity to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). We have found that depolarization of mouse(More)
The assembly of neural circuits requires the concerted action of both genetically determined and activity-dependent mechanisms. Calcium-regulated transcription may link these processes, but the influence of specific transcription factors on the differentiation of synapse-specific properties is poorly understood. Here we characterize the influence of(More)
We describe an engineered family of highly antigenic molecules based on GFP-like fluorescent proteins. These molecules contain numerous copies of peptide epitopes and simultaneously bind IgG antibodies at each location. These 'spaghetti monster' fluorescent proteins (smFPs) distributed well in neurons, notably into small dendrites, spines and axons. smFP(More)
The establishment of neuronal circuits relies on the stabilization of functionally appropriate connections and the elimination of inappropriate ones. Here we report that postsynaptic AMPA receptors play a critical role in regulating the stability of glutamatergic synapses. Removal of surface AMPA receptors leads to a decrease in the number and stability of(More)