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STUDY OBJECTIVES Growing evidence indicates sleep is a major public health issue. Race/ethnicity and socioeconomics may contribute to sleep problems. This study assessed whether sleep symptoms were more prevalent among minorities and/or the socioeconomically disadvantaged. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Epidemiologic survey. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS(More)
Meta-analyses and other previous reviews have identified distinct ethnic/racial differences in the quantity, quality, and propensity for sleep disorders between black and white adults. The present article reviews the meta-analytic evidence along with recent epidemiological, community, and clinical studies to clarify what is known and not known about sleep(More)
BACKGROUND Preliminary evidence suggests sleep medications are associated with risk of vascular events; however, the long-term vascular consequences are understudied. This study investigated the relation between sleep medication use and incident stroke. METHODS Within the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study, 21,678 black(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate the longitudinal relationships between actigraph-derived sleep duration, fragmentation, and lipid levels. DESIGN AND SETTING Longitudinal data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Sleep Study (2003-05), an observational cohort at the Chicago site. PARTICIPANTS There were 503 black and white adults,(More)
OBJECTIVE Knee osteoarthritis (OA) contributes significantly to disability in older individuals, and racial/ethnic minorities are disproportionately affected. The present study aimed to characterize differences in clinical and experimental pain, including pain inhibition, among older African American (AA) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) subjects with knee OA.(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the prospective association between baseline BZD use and mobility, functioning, and pain among urban and rural African-American and non-Hispanic white community-dwelling older adults. From 1999 to 2001, a cohort of 1000 community-dwelling adults, aged ≥ 65 years, representing a random sample of Medicare beneficiaries,(More)
The study determined the prevalence of sleep disorders by ethnicity and sex, and related daytime functioning, working memory, and mental health among older adolescent to emerging adult college students. Participants were U.S.A. undergraduates (N = 1684), aged 17-25, recruited from 2010 to 2011. Participants completed online questionnaires for all variables.(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the off-shift sleep strategies of bi-ethnic night-shift nurses, the relationship between these sleep strategies and adaptation to shift work, and identify the participant-level characteristics associated with a given sleep strategy. METHODS African-American and non-Hispanic White female, night-shift nurses from an academic hospital(More)