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The development of genetic markers is complex and costly in species with little pre-existing genomic information. Faba bean possesses one of the largest and least studied genomes among cultivated crop plants and no gene-based genetic maps exist. Gene-based orthologous markers allow chromosomal regions and levels of synteny to be characterised between(More)
Members of the legume genus Lupinus exude phloem 'spontaneously' from incisions made to the vasculature. This feature was exploited to document macromolecules present in exudate of white lupin (Lupinus albus [L.] cv Kiev mutant), in particular to identify proteins and RNA molecules, including microRNA (miRNA). Proteomic analysis tentatively identified 86(More)
Biotinidase deficiency is the primary enzymatic defect in biotin-responsive, late-onset multiple carboxylase deficiency. Untreated children with profound biotinidase deficiency usually exhibit neurological symptoms including lethargy, hypotonia, seizures, developmental delay, sensorineural hearing loss and optic atrophy; and cutaneous symptoms including(More)
Biotinidase deficiency is an inherited disorder in which the vitamin, biotin, is not recycled. Individuals with biotinidase deficiency can develop neurological and cutaneous symptoms if they are not treated with biotin. Biotinidase deficiency screening has been incorporated into essentially all newborn screening programs in the United States and in many(More)
IL-1 is a potent cytokine that promotes host defense and inflammation. These processes may be modulated by an IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) that binds to and blocks IL-1 receptors. The objective of this study was to define the cellular origin and regulation of IL-1Ra production during bacterial infection. Oral infection of mice with Yersinia(More)
We report here on a new class of siderophores isolated from Rhodococcus erythropolis IGTS8, the first structurally characterized from any species of Rhodococcus and for which we suggest the name heterobactins. These siderophores consist of a tripeptide of sequence (N-OH)-L-Orn-Gly-D-Orn-(δ-N-dihydroyxbenzoate). The alpha amino group of the D-Orn is(More)
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) gene expression was investigated in mice following oral infection with Yersinia enterocolitica 08. In Peyer's patches (PP), the primary site of bacterial invasion, induction of IL-1 alpha mRNA was delayed when compared to IL-1 beta mRNA. As shown by in situ hybridization. IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta mRNA were found to be expressed within(More)
Two pesticides, Karbatox 75 and Unden, were used for the investigation, in daily doses of 20 mg per kg body weight, injected intraperitoneally during a period of 20 days. A comparatively low toxicity of these compounds for mice was ascertained. Among morphological changes were found: hypertrophy of the intestinal epithelium, a decrease in size of liver(More)
Asthma is characterised by bronchoconstriction and inflammation, with infiltration and activation of inflammatory cells such as eosinophils and mast cells, and subsequent release of inflammatory mediators. Much of the therapy directed at the treatment of asthma is either to provide symptomatic relief through bronchodilation or to reduce inflammation to(More)