Megan C. King

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Targeting of newly synthesized integral membrane proteins to the appropriate cellular compartment is specified by discrete sequence elements, many of which have been well characterized. An understanding of the signals required to direct integral membrane proteins to the inner nuclear membrane (INM) remains a notable exception. Here we show that integral INM(More)
To enter the nucleus a protein must be chaperoned by a transport factor through the nuclear pore complex or it must be small enough to pass through by diffusion. Although these principles have long described the nuclear import of soluble proteins, recent evidence indicates that they also apply to the import of integral inner nuclear membrane proteins. Here(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P2), made by Fab1p, is essential for vesicle recycling from vacuole/lysosomal compartments and for protein sorting into multivesicular bodies. To isolate PtdIns(3,5)P2 effectors, we identified Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants that display fab1delta-like vacuole enlargement, one of which lacked the(More)
Members of the epidermal growth factor receptor, or ErbB, family of receptor tyrosine kinases have a single transmembrane (TM) alpha-helix that is usually assumed to play a passive role in ligand-induced dimerization and activation of the receptor. However, recent studies with the epidermal growth factor receptor (ErbB1) and the erythropoietin receptor have(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and antiviral activity of different dose levels of the HIV protease inhibitor ABT-378 combined with low-dose ritonavir, plus stavudine and lamivudine in antiretroviral-naive individuals. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, double-blind, multicenter. METHODS Eligible patients with plasma HIV-1 RNA > 5000 copies/ml received(More)
In the fission yeast S. pombe, nuclei are actively positioned at the cell center by microtubules. Here, we show that cytoplasmic microtubules are mechanically coupled to the nuclear heterochromatin through proteins embedded in the nuclear envelope. This includes an integral outer nuclear membrane protein of the KASH family (Kms2) and two integral inner(More)
The nuclear lamina is thought to be the primary mechanical defence of the nucleus. However, the lamina is integrated within a network of lipids, proteins and chromatin; the interdependence of this network poses a challenge to defining the individual mechanical contributions of these components. Here, we isolate the role of chromatin in nuclear mechanics by(More)
The breast and ovarian cancer tumor suppressor gene, BRCA1, encodes for a Zn2+-binding RING finger motif located near the protein NH2 terminus. The RING finger motif is characterized by eight conserved Cys and His residues which form two Zn2+-binding sites termed Site I and Site II. We used limited proteolysis in conjunction with matrix-assisted laser(More)
Transport of macromolecules between the cytoplasm and the nucleus is critical for the function of all eukaryotic cells. Large macromolecular channels termed nuclear pore complexes that span the nuclear envelope mediate the bidirectional transport of cargoes between the nucleus and cytoplasm. However, the influence of macromolecular trafficking extends past(More)
Defects in the biogenesis of the spindle pole body (SPB), the yeast centrosome equivalent, can lead to monopolar spindles and mitotic catastrophe. The KASH domain protein Kms2 and the SUN domain protein Sad1 colocalize within the nuclear envelope at the site of SPB attachment during interphase and at the spindle poles during mitosis in Schizosaccharomyces(More)